Identification of the source that have generated a digital content is considered one of the main open issues in multimedia forensics community. The extraction of photo-response non-uniformity (PRNU) noise has been so far indicated as a mean lo identify sensor fingerprint. Such a fingerprint can be estimated from multiple images taken by lhe same camera by means of a de-noising filtering operation. In this paper, the authors propose a novel method for estimating the PRNU noise in source camera identification. In particular, a MMSE digital filter in the un-decimated wavelet domain, based on a signal-dependent noise model, is introduced and compared with others commonly adopted for this purpose. A theoretical framework and experimental results are provided and discussed.
Estimate of PRNU noise based on different noise models for source camera identification / I. Amerini; R. Caldelli; V. Cappellini; F. Picchioni; A. Piva. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DIGITAL CRIME AND FORENSICS. - ISSN 1941-6210. - STAMPA. - 2 - 2:(2010), pp. 21-33. [10.4018/jdcf.2010040102]