Uteroglobin, originally named blastokinin, is a protein synthesized and secreted by most epithelia, including the endometrium. Uteroglobin has strong anti-inflammatory properties that appear to be due, at least in part, to its inhibitory effect on the activity of the enzyme phospholipase A(2). In addition, recent experimental evidence indicates that uteroglobin exerts antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects in different cancer cells via a membrane receptor. The human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1A does not express uteroglobin. Thus, we transfected HEC-1A cells with human uteroglobin cDNA, The transfectants showed a markedly reduced proliferative potential as assessed by impaired plating efficiency as well as by reduced growth in soft agar. Cytofluorimetric analysis clearly indicated that in uteroglobin-transfected cells the time for completion of the cell cycle was increased. We previously demonstrated that HEC-1A cells actively synthesize platelet-activating factor, one of the products of phospholipase A(2) activity. In addition, we demonstrated that platelet-activating factor stimulates the proliferation of these cells through an autocrine loop. In uteroglobin transfectants, the activity of phospholipase A(2) and platelet-activating factor acetyl-transferase, which are involved in the synthesis of platelet-activating factor, was significantly reduced compared with wild-type and vector-transfected cells (p < 0.05). Our results indicate that enforced expression of uteroglobin in HEC-1A cells markedly reduced their growth potential and significantly impaired the synthesis of platelet-activating factor, an autocrine growth factor for these cells. These data suggest that one possible mechanism for the recently observed antineoplastic properties of uteroglobin may be the inhibition of the synthesis of platelet-activating factor.

Uteroglobin reverts the transformed phenotype in the endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1A by disrupting the metabolic pathways generating platelet-activating factor / Peri A; Bonaccorsi L; Muratori M; Luconi M; Baldi E; Granchi S; Pesciullesi A;Mini E; Cioppi F; Forti G; Serio M; Miele L; Maggi M. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0020-7136. - ELETTRONICO. - 88:(2000), pp. 525-534. [10.1002/1097-0215(20001115)88:4<525::AID-IJC3>3.0.CO;2-Z]

Uteroglobin reverts the transformed phenotype in the endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1A by disrupting the metabolic pathways generating platelet-activating factor

PERI, ALESSANDRO;BONACCORSI, LORELLA;MURATORI, MONICA;LUCONI, MICHAELA;BALDI, ELISABETTA;GRANCHI, SIMONE;MINI, ENRICO;CIOPPI, FEDERICA;FORTI, GIANNI;SERIO, MARIO;MAGGI, MARIO
2000

Abstract

Uteroglobin, originally named blastokinin, is a protein synthesized and secreted by most epithelia, including the endometrium. Uteroglobin has strong anti-inflammatory properties that appear to be due, at least in part, to its inhibitory effect on the activity of the enzyme phospholipase A(2). In addition, recent experimental evidence indicates that uteroglobin exerts antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects in different cancer cells via a membrane receptor. The human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line HEC-1A does not express uteroglobin. Thus, we transfected HEC-1A cells with human uteroglobin cDNA, The transfectants showed a markedly reduced proliferative potential as assessed by impaired plating efficiency as well as by reduced growth in soft agar. Cytofluorimetric analysis clearly indicated that in uteroglobin-transfected cells the time for completion of the cell cycle was increased. We previously demonstrated that HEC-1A cells actively synthesize platelet-activating factor, one of the products of phospholipase A(2) activity. In addition, we demonstrated that platelet-activating factor stimulates the proliferation of these cells through an autocrine loop. In uteroglobin transfectants, the activity of phospholipase A(2) and platelet-activating factor acetyl-transferase, which are involved in the synthesis of platelet-activating factor, was significantly reduced compared with wild-type and vector-transfected cells (p < 0.05). Our results indicate that enforced expression of uteroglobin in HEC-1A cells markedly reduced their growth potential and significantly impaired the synthesis of platelet-activating factor, an autocrine growth factor for these cells. These data suggest that one possible mechanism for the recently observed antineoplastic properties of uteroglobin may be the inhibition of the synthesis of platelet-activating factor.
88
525
534
Peri A; Bonaccorsi L; Muratori M; Luconi M; Baldi E; Granchi S; Pesciullesi A;Mini E; Cioppi F; Forti G; Serio M; Miele L; Maggi M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/393448
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