The extent to which proteins aggregate into distinct structures ranging from prefibrillar oligomers to amyloid fibrils is key to the pathogenesis of many age-related degenerative diseases. We describe here for the Alzheimer's disease-related amyloid β peptide (Aβ) an investigation of the sequence-based determinants of the balance between the formation of prefibrillar aggregates and amyloid fibrils. We show that by introducing single-point mutations, it is possible to convert the normally harmless Aβ40 peptide into a pathogenic species by increasing its relative propensity to form prefibrillar but not fibrillar aggregates, and, conversely, to abolish the pathogenicity of the highly neurotoxic E22G Aβ42 peptide by reducing its relative propensity to form prefibrillar species rather than mature fibrillar ones. This observation can be rationalized by the demonstration that whereas regions of the sequence of high aggregation propensity dominate the overall tendency to aggregate, regions with low intrinsic aggregation propensities exert significant control over the balance of the prefibrillar and fibrillar species formed, and therefore play a major role in determining the neurotoxicity of the Aβ peptide.

Intrinsic determinants of neurotoxic aggregate formation by the amyloid beta peptide / A. C. Brorsson; B. Bolognesi; G. G. Tartaglia; S. L. Shammas; G. Favrin; I. Watson; D. A. Lomas; F. Chiti; M. Vendruscolo; C. M. Dobson; D. C. Crowther; L. M. Luheshi. - In: BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0006-3495. - STAMPA. - 98:(2010), pp. 1677-1684.

Intrinsic determinants of neurotoxic aggregate formation by the amyloid beta peptide

CHITI, FABRIZIO;
2010

Abstract

The extent to which proteins aggregate into distinct structures ranging from prefibrillar oligomers to amyloid fibrils is key to the pathogenesis of many age-related degenerative diseases. We describe here for the Alzheimer's disease-related amyloid β peptide (Aβ) an investigation of the sequence-based determinants of the balance between the formation of prefibrillar aggregates and amyloid fibrils. We show that by introducing single-point mutations, it is possible to convert the normally harmless Aβ40 peptide into a pathogenic species by increasing its relative propensity to form prefibrillar but not fibrillar aggregates, and, conversely, to abolish the pathogenicity of the highly neurotoxic E22G Aβ42 peptide by reducing its relative propensity to form prefibrillar species rather than mature fibrillar ones. This observation can be rationalized by the demonstration that whereas regions of the sequence of high aggregation propensity dominate the overall tendency to aggregate, regions with low intrinsic aggregation propensities exert significant control over the balance of the prefibrillar and fibrillar species formed, and therefore play a major role in determining the neurotoxicity of the Aβ peptide.
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1677
1684
A. C. Brorsson; B. Bolognesi; G. G. Tartaglia; S. L. Shammas; G. Favrin; I. Watson; D. A. Lomas; F. Chiti; M. Vendruscolo; C. M. Dobson; D. C. Crowther; L. M. Luheshi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/393627
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