BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized preoperative cardiac assessment in reducing the rate of perioperative cardiac complications in patients undergoing aortic surgery, paying particular attention to the analysis of the factors affecting perioperative cardiac outcomes. METHODS: Between January 2005 and August 2008, a total of 531 elective interventions for abdominal aortic aneurysms were performed at our institution. All patients underwent preoperative evaluation on an outpatient basis, which included a standardized cardiac assessment protocol to evaluate perioperative cardiac risk. A surgical (open or endovascular) intervention was performed in all patients and perioperative (<30 days) results in terms of overall and cardiac mortality and morbidity rates were recorded. RESULTS: Preoperative electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiology consultation were performed in all patients. In 348 cases (65.5%), further evaluation of cardiac functional capacity with noninvasive stress testing was recommended. A positive noninvasive stress test was noted in 86 (24.7%) of 348 patients and coronary angiography was performed in 34 (39.5%) of 86 patients. Thirteen of these patients underwent successful coronary revascularization (11 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, two coronary artery bypass graft) before vascular surgery. Thirty-day overall rate and cardiac mortality rate were 1.1% and 0.6%, respectively, and 30-day overall and cardiac morbidity rates were 11.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that in patients aged >80 years, chronic renal failure, congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, positive noninvasive stress testing, and open surgical treatment significantly affected 30-day cardiac morbidity; however, only valvular heart disease and positive noninvasive stress testing maintained their significance with multivariate analysis (p = 0.005; 95% CI, 1.6-14.4; and p = 0.02; 95% CI, 1.2-8.1, respectively). None of the examined factors significantly affected 30-day cardiac mortality. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the use of a routine preoperative cardiac assessment allowed us to obtain satisfactory perioperative results in patients undergoing abdominal aortic surgery. Very few patients, however, require cardiac revascularization before abdominal aortic surgery. Patients with positive stress test may benefit from an endovascular treatment if anatomically feasible.

Preoperative cardiac assessment in patients undergoing aortic surgery: analysis of factors affecting the cardiac outcomes / N.Troisi; W.Dorigo; P.Lo Sapio; G.Pratesi; R.Pulli; G.F.Gensini; C.Pratesi. - In: ANNALS OF VASCULAR SURGERY. - ISSN 0890-5096. - STAMPA. - 24(2010), pp. 733-740.

Preoperative cardiac assessment in patients undergoing aortic surgery: analysis of factors affecting the cardiac outcomes

DORIGO, WALTER;PULLI, RAFFAELE;GENSINI, GIAN FRANCO;PRATESI, CARLO
2010

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized preoperative cardiac assessment in reducing the rate of perioperative cardiac complications in patients undergoing aortic surgery, paying particular attention to the analysis of the factors affecting perioperative cardiac outcomes. METHODS: Between January 2005 and August 2008, a total of 531 elective interventions for abdominal aortic aneurysms were performed at our institution. All patients underwent preoperative evaluation on an outpatient basis, which included a standardized cardiac assessment protocol to evaluate perioperative cardiac risk. A surgical (open or endovascular) intervention was performed in all patients and perioperative (<30 days) results in terms of overall and cardiac mortality and morbidity rates were recorded. RESULTS: Preoperative electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiology consultation were performed in all patients. In 348 cases (65.5%), further evaluation of cardiac functional capacity with noninvasive stress testing was recommended. A positive noninvasive stress test was noted in 86 (24.7%) of 348 patients and coronary angiography was performed in 34 (39.5%) of 86 patients. Thirteen of these patients underwent successful coronary revascularization (11 percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, two coronary artery bypass graft) before vascular surgery. Thirty-day overall rate and cardiac mortality rate were 1.1% and 0.6%, respectively, and 30-day overall and cardiac morbidity rates were 11.5% and 6.8%, respectively. Univariate analysis demonstrated that in patients aged >80 years, chronic renal failure, congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, positive noninvasive stress testing, and open surgical treatment significantly affected 30-day cardiac morbidity; however, only valvular heart disease and positive noninvasive stress testing maintained their significance with multivariate analysis (p = 0.005; 95% CI, 1.6-14.4; and p = 0.02; 95% CI, 1.2-8.1, respectively). None of the examined factors significantly affected 30-day cardiac mortality. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the use of a routine preoperative cardiac assessment allowed us to obtain satisfactory perioperative results in patients undergoing abdominal aortic surgery. Very few patients, however, require cardiac revascularization before abdominal aortic surgery. Patients with positive stress test may benefit from an endovascular treatment if anatomically feasible.
24
733
740
N.Troisi; W.Dorigo; P.Lo Sapio; G.Pratesi; R.Pulli; G.F.Gensini; C.Pratesi
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/394751
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 17
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 14
social impact