The conceptus is considered a semi-allograft because of the presence of paternal HLA-C molecules. These alloantigens can be processed by maternal antigen presenting cells, which present them to specific maternal CD4+ T cells. After activation, the maternal CD4+ T cells can become effector decidual CD4+ T cells, which are able to release various cytokines. Th1-type cytokines (IFNgamma) that promote allograft rejection may compromise pregnancy, whereas the Th2-type cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) that inhibit Th1 responses, promote allograft tolerance and therefore may improve fetal survival. A collaborative interaction between the decidual natural regulatory T cells, CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3 T cells and NKT cells in preventing fetal allograft rejection is suggested.

T cell tolerance towards the fetal allograft / M.P. Piccinni. - In: JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0165-0378. - STAMPA. - 85(2010), pp. 71-75.

T cell tolerance towards the fetal allograft

PICCINNI, MARIE-PIERRE
2010

Abstract

The conceptus is considered a semi-allograft because of the presence of paternal HLA-C molecules. These alloantigens can be processed by maternal antigen presenting cells, which present them to specific maternal CD4+ T cells. After activation, the maternal CD4+ T cells can become effector decidual CD4+ T cells, which are able to release various cytokines. Th1-type cytokines (IFNgamma) that promote allograft rejection may compromise pregnancy, whereas the Th2-type cytokines (IL-4, IL-10) that inhibit Th1 responses, promote allograft tolerance and therefore may improve fetal survival. A collaborative interaction between the decidual natural regulatory T cells, CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3 T cells and NKT cells in preventing fetal allograft rejection is suggested.
85
71
75
M.P. Piccinni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/395111
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