Both secondary prevention (such as lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy or surgery) and an understanding of the influence of risk factors (including the different aetiologic mechanisms of cerebral ischaemia) play a pivotal role in reducing the burden of recurrent stroke. Regarding the types of preventative treatments available, variations exist across all clinical studies, including differences in target populations (including the type of cerebral ischaemia), risk factors, length of follow-up, drop-out rates and outcomes, which makes translating the results of clinical trials to individual patients difficult. However, with such limitations in mind, this critical albeit nonsystematic review, which compared aspirin with other antiplatelets and in combination with other drugs, showed that the benefit from aspirin treatment is consistently shown in ischaemic stroke, while harms are limited. Furthermore, no definite superiority is apparent across different antiplatelet therapies. Dual antiplatelet regimensmayexpose to a slight but measurable higher risk of haemorrhagic complications, perhaps in selective groups of patients (i.e. those with severe small-vessel disease or in selective racial groups). Based on our analysis, the indication of aspirin as the first-line choice, also recommended by several acknowledged international or national guidelines, may be confirmed. However, the complex nature of patients at risk of recurrent ischaemic stroke necessitates a comprehensive approach, which should be driven by the primary care physician, whose role is central to successful actions for secondary stroke prevention.

A critical review of aspirin in the secondary prevention of noncardioembolic ischaemic stroke / D.Inzitari; B.Piccardi; C.Sarti. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STROKE. - ISSN 1747-4930. - STAMPA. - 5(2010), pp. 306-318.

A critical review of aspirin in the secondary prevention of noncardioembolic ischaemic stroke.

INZITARI, DOMENICO;SARTI, CRISTINA
2010

Abstract

Both secondary prevention (such as lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy or surgery) and an understanding of the influence of risk factors (including the different aetiologic mechanisms of cerebral ischaemia) play a pivotal role in reducing the burden of recurrent stroke. Regarding the types of preventative treatments available, variations exist across all clinical studies, including differences in target populations (including the type of cerebral ischaemia), risk factors, length of follow-up, drop-out rates and outcomes, which makes translating the results of clinical trials to individual patients difficult. However, with such limitations in mind, this critical albeit nonsystematic review, which compared aspirin with other antiplatelets and in combination with other drugs, showed that the benefit from aspirin treatment is consistently shown in ischaemic stroke, while harms are limited. Furthermore, no definite superiority is apparent across different antiplatelet therapies. Dual antiplatelet regimensmayexpose to a slight but measurable higher risk of haemorrhagic complications, perhaps in selective groups of patients (i.e. those with severe small-vessel disease or in selective racial groups). Based on our analysis, the indication of aspirin as the first-line choice, also recommended by several acknowledged international or national guidelines, may be confirmed. However, the complex nature of patients at risk of recurrent ischaemic stroke necessitates a comprehensive approach, which should be driven by the primary care physician, whose role is central to successful actions for secondary stroke prevention.
5
306
318
D.Inzitari; B.Piccardi; C.Sarti
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/398409
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