Abstract: Hemorrhagic disorders are common in patients with liver cirrhosis and result from several factors including impaired platelet function. We evaluated platelet aggregation and arachidonic acid metabolism in response to standard agonists in platelet-rich plasma from 12 cirrhotic patients with mild impairment of liver function (Child A), 12 patients with severe liver dysfunction (Child B and C) and 12 healthy subjects. Platelet aggregation and thromboxane A2 production were consistently reduced in patients with severe liver impairment. To determine whether the platelet dysfunction is due to an intrinsic platelet defect or a circulating inhibitor, we measured platelet aggregation and thromboxane A2 synthesis on washed platelets in healthy subjects and in Child B and C patients. The aggregating response of washed platelets in response to thrombin, collagen and arachidonic acid was markedly reduced, suggesting an intrinsic platelet defect. The biochemical events underlying platelet aggregation were investigated by prelabeling platelets with [1-14C]arachidonic acid. Thrombin-induced activation of phospholipase C (measured as the release of [1-14C]phosphatidic acid) and phospholipase A2 (measured as the release of [1-14C]arachidonic acid and its metabolites) was greatly impaired in platelets from patients with severe liver impairment. We conclude that in advanced cirrhosis there is a severe reduction in platelet aggregatory response to physiologic agonists due to an intrinsic platelet defect which is related to an impairment of the platelet transmembrane signaling mechanism induced by receptor stimulation.

Altered platelet function in cirrhosis of the liver: impairment of inositol lipid and arachidonic acid metabolism in response to agonists / G. LAFFI; F. COMINELLI; M. RUGGIERO; S. FEDI; V. CHIARUGI; G. LA VILLA; M. PINZANI; P. GENTILINI. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - STAMPA. - 8(1988), pp. 1620-1626.

Altered platelet function in cirrhosis of the liver: impairment of inositol lipid and arachidonic acid metabolism in response to agonists

LAFFI, GIACOMO;RUGGIERO, MARCO;CHIARUGI, VINCENZO;GENTILINI, PAOLO
1988

Abstract

Abstract: Hemorrhagic disorders are common in patients with liver cirrhosis and result from several factors including impaired platelet function. We evaluated platelet aggregation and arachidonic acid metabolism in response to standard agonists in platelet-rich plasma from 12 cirrhotic patients with mild impairment of liver function (Child A), 12 patients with severe liver dysfunction (Child B and C) and 12 healthy subjects. Platelet aggregation and thromboxane A2 production were consistently reduced in patients with severe liver impairment. To determine whether the platelet dysfunction is due to an intrinsic platelet defect or a circulating inhibitor, we measured platelet aggregation and thromboxane A2 synthesis on washed platelets in healthy subjects and in Child B and C patients. The aggregating response of washed platelets in response to thrombin, collagen and arachidonic acid was markedly reduced, suggesting an intrinsic platelet defect. The biochemical events underlying platelet aggregation were investigated by prelabeling platelets with [1-14C]arachidonic acid. Thrombin-induced activation of phospholipase C (measured as the release of [1-14C]phosphatidic acid) and phospholipase A2 (measured as the release of [1-14C]arachidonic acid and its metabolites) was greatly impaired in platelets from patients with severe liver impairment. We conclude that in advanced cirrhosis there is a severe reduction in platelet aggregatory response to physiologic agonists due to an intrinsic platelet defect which is related to an impairment of the platelet transmembrane signaling mechanism induced by receptor stimulation.
8
1620
1626
G. LAFFI; F. COMINELLI; M. RUGGIERO; S. FEDI; V. CHIARUGI; G. LA VILLA; M. PINZANI; P. GENTILINI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/402696
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