The effects of the nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitors, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced inhibitory responses were investigated. EFS caused, in strips contracted by means of substance P (SP), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), or carbachol (CCh), a fast relaxant response that, depending on stimulation frequency and strip tension, could be followed by a slower, sustained relaxation. The NO synthesis inhibitors blocked the EFS-induced fast relaxations and often reversed them into contractions; these effects were greatly counteracted in SP- or PGF2 alpha-treated strips by scopolamine or atropine. In CCh-precontracted strips, either L-NNA or L-NAME became progressively unable to block the EFS-induced fast relaxations as the CCh concentration was increased. The NO synthesis inhibitors greatly reduced the sustained relaxant responses elicited either by EFS or exogenous vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). The results indicate that the NO synthesis inhibitors abolish the neurally induced fast relaxation by interfering with the cholinergic excitatory pathway. The involvement of both VIP and NO in sustained relaxations is also suggested.

Nitric oxide as modulator of cholinergic neurotransmission in the gastric muscle of the rabbit / M. Baccari; C. Iacoviello; F. Calamai. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY: GASTROINTESTINAL AND LIVER PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0193-1857. - STAMPA. - 273(1997), pp. 456-463.

Nitric oxide as modulator of cholinergic neurotransmission in the gastric muscle of the rabbit

BACCARI, MARIA CATERINA;CALAMAI, FRANCO
1997

Abstract

The effects of the nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitors, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), on the electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced inhibitory responses were investigated. EFS caused, in strips contracted by means of substance P (SP), prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha), or carbachol (CCh), a fast relaxant response that, depending on stimulation frequency and strip tension, could be followed by a slower, sustained relaxation. The NO synthesis inhibitors blocked the EFS-induced fast relaxations and often reversed them into contractions; these effects were greatly counteracted in SP- or PGF2 alpha-treated strips by scopolamine or atropine. In CCh-precontracted strips, either L-NNA or L-NAME became progressively unable to block the EFS-induced fast relaxations as the CCh concentration was increased. The NO synthesis inhibitors greatly reduced the sustained relaxant responses elicited either by EFS or exogenous vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). The results indicate that the NO synthesis inhibitors abolish the neurally induced fast relaxation by interfering with the cholinergic excitatory pathway. The involvement of both VIP and NO in sustained relaxations is also suggested.
273
456
463
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
M. Baccari; C. Iacoviello; F. Calamai
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/4065
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