The St. John Hospital is part of a larger complex of buildings known as the Hospitallers Quarter, located to the south of the Holy Sepulchre. The building of the oldest part of the Quarter, made up from the Benedictine monastery of St. Mary of the Latins and the pilgrims' chapel dedicated to St. John the Almoner, dates from the eleventh century. The whole area of the Quarter, today called the Muristan, was until the end of XIX century one of the most neglected areas of the Old City. Between the end XIX century and the first half the XX century the Quarter underwent profound transformations. Also the St. John Hospital over time was significantly changed, even through heavy demolition. At present the Hospital looks like a irregular volume both in height and in plan. It is covered by ten domed vaults resting on very stocky pillars. The interest in this structure lies in the fact that, strictly speaking, this is not constituted by cross vaults. In fact, each span is not formed by the intersection of four cylindrical surfaces, but of double curvature surfaces. Therefore this structure is a dome-shaped vault. In order to analyze the structural behaviour of one of the domed vaults, some laboratory tests were made on a 1:5 scale model built with materials and construction techniques similar to those of the original.

The dome-behavior analysis of the groin vault in the St. John Hospital in the Old City of Jerusalem / S. Briccoli Bati; M. Fagone; T. Rotunno. - ELETTRONICO. - (2012), pp. 1-10. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Domes in the world tenutosi a Florence nel March 19-23.

The dome-behavior analysis of the groin vault in the St. John Hospital in the Old City of Jerusalem

BRICCOLI BATI, SILVIA;FAGONE, MARIO;ROTUNNO, TOMMASO
2012

Abstract

The St. John Hospital is part of a larger complex of buildings known as the Hospitallers Quarter, located to the south of the Holy Sepulchre. The building of the oldest part of the Quarter, made up from the Benedictine monastery of St. Mary of the Latins and the pilgrims' chapel dedicated to St. John the Almoner, dates from the eleventh century. The whole area of the Quarter, today called the Muristan, was until the end of XIX century one of the most neglected areas of the Old City. Between the end XIX century and the first half the XX century the Quarter underwent profound transformations. Also the St. John Hospital over time was significantly changed, even through heavy demolition. At present the Hospital looks like a irregular volume both in height and in plan. It is covered by ten domed vaults resting on very stocky pillars. The interest in this structure lies in the fact that, strictly speaking, this is not constituted by cross vaults. In fact, each span is not formed by the intersection of four cylindrical surfaces, but of double curvature surfaces. Therefore this structure is a dome-shaped vault. In order to analyze the structural behaviour of one of the domed vaults, some laboratory tests were made on a 1:5 scale model built with materials and construction techniques similar to those of the original.
Domes in the world
Domes in the world
Florence
March 19-23
S. Briccoli Bati; M. Fagone; T. Rotunno
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Domes.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Versione finale referata (Postprint, Accepted manuscript)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 1.17 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.17 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/436653
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact