Fatigue occurring during exercise can be defined as the inability to maintain the initial force or power output. As fatigue becomes pronounced, force and maximum velocity of shortening are greatly reduced and force relaxation is prolonged. In principle, force loss during fatigue can result from a decrease in the number of cross-bridges generating force or a decrease of the individual cross-bridge force or to both mechanisms. The present experiments were made to investigate this point in single fibres or small fibre bundles isolated from flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) of C57BL/6 mice at 22-24◦C. During a series of 105 tetanic contractions, we measured force and fibre stiffness by applying small sinusoidal length oscillations at 2.5 or 4 kHz frequency to the activated preparation and measuring the resulting force changes. Stiffness data were corrected for the influence of compliance in series with the cross-bridge ensemble. The results show that the force decline during the first 20 tetani is due to the reduction of force developed by the individual cross-bridges and thereafter as fatigue becomes more severe, the number of cross-bridges decreases. In spite of the force reduction in the early phase of fatigue, there was an increased rate of tetanic force development and relaxation. In the latter stages of fatigue, the rate of force development and relaxation became slower. Thus, the start of fatigue is characterised by decreased cross-bridge force development and as fatigue becomes more marked, the number of cross-bridges decreases. These findings are discussed in the context of the current hypotheses about fatigue mechanisms.

Force decline during fatigue is due to both a decrease in the force per individual cross-bridge and the number of cross-bridges / M. Nocella; B. Colombini; G. Benelli; G. Cecchi; M.A. Bagni; J.D. Bruton. - In: THE JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3751. - STAMPA. - 589:(2011), pp. 3371-3381. [10.1113/jphysiol.2011.209874]

Force decline during fatigue is due to both a decrease in the force per individual cross-bridge and the number of cross-bridges.

NOCELLA, MARTA;COLOMBINI, BARBARA;BENELLI, GIULIA;CECCHI, GIOVANNI;BAGNI, MARIA ANGELA;
2011

Abstract

Fatigue occurring during exercise can be defined as the inability to maintain the initial force or power output. As fatigue becomes pronounced, force and maximum velocity of shortening are greatly reduced and force relaxation is prolonged. In principle, force loss during fatigue can result from a decrease in the number of cross-bridges generating force or a decrease of the individual cross-bridge force or to both mechanisms. The present experiments were made to investigate this point in single fibres or small fibre bundles isolated from flexor digitorum brevis (FDB) of C57BL/6 mice at 22-24◦C. During a series of 105 tetanic contractions, we measured force and fibre stiffness by applying small sinusoidal length oscillations at 2.5 or 4 kHz frequency to the activated preparation and measuring the resulting force changes. Stiffness data were corrected for the influence of compliance in series with the cross-bridge ensemble. The results show that the force decline during the first 20 tetani is due to the reduction of force developed by the individual cross-bridges and thereafter as fatigue becomes more severe, the number of cross-bridges decreases. In spite of the force reduction in the early phase of fatigue, there was an increased rate of tetanic force development and relaxation. In the latter stages of fatigue, the rate of force development and relaxation became slower. Thus, the start of fatigue is characterised by decreased cross-bridge force development and as fatigue becomes more marked, the number of cross-bridges decreases. These findings are discussed in the context of the current hypotheses about fatigue mechanisms.
2011
589
3371
3381
M. Nocella; B. Colombini; G. Benelli; G. Cecchi; M.A. Bagni; J.D. Bruton
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/453456
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