In this study, during a twoyear period, we investigated the fate of hexavalent and trivalent chromium in a fullscale subsurface horizontal flow constructed wetland planted with Phragmites australis. The reed bed operated as posttreatment of the effluent wastewater from an activated sludge plant serving the textile industrial district and the city of Prato (Italy). Chromium speciation was performed in influent and effluent wastewater and in watersuspended solids, at different depths and distances from the inlet; plants were also analyzed for total chromium along the same longitudinal profile. Removals of hexavalent and trivalent chromium equal to 72% and 26%, respectively were achieved. The mean hexavalent chromium outlet concentration was 1.6 ± 0.9 mg l−1 and complied with the Italian legal limits for water reuse. Chromium in watersuspended solids was in the trivalent form, thus indicating that its removal from wastewater was obtained by the reduction of hexavalent chromium to the trivalent form, followed by accumulation of the latter inside the reed bed. Chromium in watersuspended solids was significantly affected by the distance from the inlet. Chromium concentrations in the different plant organs followed the same trend of suspended solids along the longitudinal profile and were much lower than those found in the solid material, evidencing a low metal accumulation in P. australis.

Distribution and mass balance of hexavalent and trivalent chromium in a subsurface, horizontal flow (SF-h) constructed wetland operating as post-treatment of textile wastewater for water reuse / D.Fibbi; S.Doumett; L.Lepri; L.Checchini; C.Gonnelli; E.Coppini; M.Del Bubba. - In: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. - ISSN 0304-3894. - STAMPA. - 199-200:(2012), pp. 209-216. [10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.10.089]

Distribution and mass balance of hexavalent and trivalent chromium in a subsurface, horizontal flow (SF-h) constructed wetland operating as post-treatment of textile wastewater for water reuse

FIBBI, DONATELLA;DOUMETT, SAER;LEPRI, LUCIANO;CHECCHINI, LEONARDO;GONNELLI, CRISTINA;DEL BUBBA, MASSIMO
2012

Abstract

In this study, during a twoyear period, we investigated the fate of hexavalent and trivalent chromium in a fullscale subsurface horizontal flow constructed wetland planted with Phragmites australis. The reed bed operated as posttreatment of the effluent wastewater from an activated sludge plant serving the textile industrial district and the city of Prato (Italy). Chromium speciation was performed in influent and effluent wastewater and in watersuspended solids, at different depths and distances from the inlet; plants were also analyzed for total chromium along the same longitudinal profile. Removals of hexavalent and trivalent chromium equal to 72% and 26%, respectively were achieved. The mean hexavalent chromium outlet concentration was 1.6 ± 0.9 mg l−1 and complied with the Italian legal limits for water reuse. Chromium in watersuspended solids was in the trivalent form, thus indicating that its removal from wastewater was obtained by the reduction of hexavalent chromium to the trivalent form, followed by accumulation of the latter inside the reed bed. Chromium in watersuspended solids was significantly affected by the distance from the inlet. Chromium concentrations in the different plant organs followed the same trend of suspended solids along the longitudinal profile and were much lower than those found in the solid material, evidencing a low metal accumulation in P. australis.
2012
199-200
209
216
D.Fibbi; S.Doumett; L.Lepri; L.Checchini; C.Gonnelli; E.Coppini; M.Del Bubba
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/601229
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