We report on a new case of trisomy for the distal portion of chromosome 5q, arising from a maternal balanced translocation, t(5;22)(q33;q13). The patient presented with mental retardation and peculiar craniofacial anomalies, similar to those already described in trisomy 5q3. Overall, the phenotype bore some resemblance to that of the Brachmann-De Lange syndrome. The extent of the duplicated region was investigated through a combined molecular-cytogenetic approach, using 5q probes for gene dosage analysis by Southern blot, which allowed confirmation of breakpoint assignment to band 5q33. Since most manifestations of trisomy 5q3 are observed in patients with duplications spanning 5q34-qter, it seems that the critical sequences involved in phenotype determination lie within this very distal segment.
Dosage analysis at the CSF1 and CSF1R loci in a new case of partial trisomy 5q / M. Genuardi;R. Flamia;G. Palka;G. Parruti;G. Neri. - In: CLINICAL GENETICS. - ISSN 0009-9163. - STAMPA. - 41:(1992), pp. 259-262.