FEBS Lett. 1991 Oct 21;291(2):238-44. Dexamethasone induces the expression of the mRNA of lipocortin 1 and 2 and the release of lipocortin 1 and 5 in differentiated, but not undifferentiated U-937 cells. Solito E, Raugei G, Melli M, Parente L. Source Department of Pharmacology, Sclavo Research Centre, Siena, Italy. Abstract The effect of dexamethasone on mRNA and protein synthesis of lipocortins (LCT) 1, 2 and 5 has been investigated in U-937 cells. A constitutive expression of both mRNAs and proteins was detected in undifferentiated U-937 cells. This constitutive level was increased time- and dose-dependently by incubation with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). In U-937 cells differentiated by 24 h incubation with 6 ng/ml PMA, dexamethasone (DEX) (1 microM for 16 h) caused an increased synthesis of the mRNA level of LCT-1 and 2, but not of LCT-5, over the level induced by PMA. DEX had no effect in undifferentiated cells. Moreover, DEX stimulated the extracellular release of LCT-1 and 5, but not of LCT-2, and inhibited the release of PGE2 and TXB2 only in the differentiated U-937 cells. These results suggest that the responsiveness of these cells to glucocorticoids is dependent on the phase of cell differentiation. The selective release of lipocortins by differentiated U-937 cells may explain, at least in part, the inhibition by DEX of the prostanoid release.
Dexamethasone induces the expression of the mRNA of lipocortin 1 and 2 and the release of lipocortin 1 and 5 in differentiated, but not undifferentiated U-937 cells / Solito E; Raugei G; Melli M; Parente L.. - In: FEBS LETTERS. - ISSN 0014-5793. - STAMPA. - 291:(1991), pp. 238-244.