The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of cattle overwintering husbandry on composition of upland grassland soil archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities by comparative fingerprinting (SSU rRNA denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)) of total (tDNA) and extracellular DNA (eDNA) extracted from three differently impacted soils (severely, moderately, and non-impacted soil) and cattle excrements. Cattle excrements carried a significant amount of viable microorganisms and eDNA, and as a result of its high external returns, the amounts of extractable eDNA in soil increased with cattle impact, being positively correlated with soil microbial biomass and activity. The soil eDNA fraction (2.8 to 5.7 μg g−1 dw) significantly contributed to the soil metagenome, representing 18–31 % of soil tDNA. The largest shift in soil community structure was observed for Archaea, followed by fungi and bacteria, indicating that soil bacteria possess the highest resilience to cattle-induced changes. Cattle excrements showed more diverse bacterial than archaeal and fungal communities. The specific DGGE bands of cattle excrements were also observed in community profiles of cattle-impacted soils, confirming the effect of cattle husbandry on composition of soil microbial communities, probably as a result of introduced rumen-borne microbes. Similar changes were also reflected in the eDNA-derived DGGE profiles, suggesting a higher contribution of bacteria to soil extracellular metagenome than Archaea and fungi. This study provided first evidences about the extracellular mobilome in cattleimpacted soils, carrying also genetic information of Archaea, and its susceptibility to impact by outdoor cattle husbandry.

Cattle impact on composition of archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities by comparative fingerprinting of total and extracellular DNA / A. Chroňáková; J. Ascher; J. Jirout; M.T. Ceccherini; D. Elhottová; G. Pietramellara;M. Šimek. - In: BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS. - ISSN 0178-2762. - STAMPA. - 49(2013), pp. 351-361. [10.1007/s00374-012-0726-x]

Cattle impact on composition of archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities by comparative fingerprinting of total and extracellular DNA

ASCHER, JUDITH;CECCHERINI, MARIA TERESA;PIETRAMELLARA, GIACOMO;
2013

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of cattle overwintering husbandry on composition of upland grassland soil archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities by comparative fingerprinting (SSU rRNA denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)) of total (tDNA) and extracellular DNA (eDNA) extracted from three differently impacted soils (severely, moderately, and non-impacted soil) and cattle excrements. Cattle excrements carried a significant amount of viable microorganisms and eDNA, and as a result of its high external returns, the amounts of extractable eDNA in soil increased with cattle impact, being positively correlated with soil microbial biomass and activity. The soil eDNA fraction (2.8 to 5.7 μg g−1 dw) significantly contributed to the soil metagenome, representing 18–31 % of soil tDNA. The largest shift in soil community structure was observed for Archaea, followed by fungi and bacteria, indicating that soil bacteria possess the highest resilience to cattle-induced changes. Cattle excrements showed more diverse bacterial than archaeal and fungal communities. The specific DGGE bands of cattle excrements were also observed in community profiles of cattle-impacted soils, confirming the effect of cattle husbandry on composition of soil microbial communities, probably as a result of introduced rumen-borne microbes. Similar changes were also reflected in the eDNA-derived DGGE profiles, suggesting a higher contribution of bacteria to soil extracellular metagenome than Archaea and fungi. This study provided first evidences about the extracellular mobilome in cattleimpacted soils, carrying also genetic information of Archaea, and its susceptibility to impact by outdoor cattle husbandry.
49
351
361
A. Chroňáková; J. Ascher; J. Jirout; M.T. Ceccherini; D. Elhottová; G. Pietramellara;M. Šimek
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/773136
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