Solutions of polyacrylic acid form strong gels upon the. addition of bases. Two different gels have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and rheometry in order to examine both their viscoelastic behaviour and the fraction of the free solvent in the system. These properties are important from a technological point of view, because of their application in cultural heritage conservation field as cleaning agents. When the continuous phase is constituted of water the study was focused on the influence of,pH on the gel properties. Rheological properties have been studied as a function of the NH3 concentration, the base necessary to stabilise the aqueous gel. The rheological behaviour of the system polyacrylic. acid-water-ammonia, has been characterised using rotating and oscillating measurements. Dynamic (oscillatory) shear tests were carried at 25 degreesC in the frequency range 0.01-100 Hz; rheological parameters (such as loss. modulus G" and storage modulus G') were also correlated to the pH of the blends. To vary the gel strength, different ammonia concentrations were used, while keeping the temperature and cross-linker concentration constant. Both the loss and storage moduli increased with the NH3 concentration for this gel system. The viscosity and the elastic modulus G' increased when the pH is between 3 and 6. When all the acidic groups have been neutralised by a solution of 0.1 M NH3 G' reaches a maximum (pH = 6.9); further increases of pH produced a decrease of G'. The excess NH3 decreases the fraction of bound water within the system lowering the strength of the network.

Aqueous polyacrylic acid based gels: physicochemical properties and applications in cultural heritage conservation / E. Carretti; L. Dei; P. Baglioni. - ELETTRONICO. - 123:(2004), pp. 280-283. (Intervento presentato al convegno Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XVI) [10.1007/b11959].

Aqueous polyacrylic acid based gels: physicochemical properties and applications in cultural heritage conservation

CARRETTI, EMILIANO;DEI, LUIGI;BAGLIONI, PIERO
2004

Abstract

Solutions of polyacrylic acid form strong gels upon the. addition of bases. Two different gels have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and rheometry in order to examine both their viscoelastic behaviour and the fraction of the free solvent in the system. These properties are important from a technological point of view, because of their application in cultural heritage conservation field as cleaning agents. When the continuous phase is constituted of water the study was focused on the influence of,pH on the gel properties. Rheological properties have been studied as a function of the NH3 concentration, the base necessary to stabilise the aqueous gel. The rheological behaviour of the system polyacrylic. acid-water-ammonia, has been characterised using rotating and oscillating measurements. Dynamic (oscillatory) shear tests were carried at 25 degreesC in the frequency range 0.01-100 Hz; rheological parameters (such as loss. modulus G" and storage modulus G') were also correlated to the pH of the blends. To vary the gel strength, different ammonia concentrations were used, while keeping the temperature and cross-linker concentration constant. Both the loss and storage moduli increased with the NH3 concentration for this gel system. The viscosity and the elastic modulus G' increased when the pH is between 3 and 6. When all the acidic groups have been neutralised by a solution of 0.1 M NH3 G' reaches a maximum (pH = 6.9); further increases of pH produced a decrease of G'. The excess NH3 decreases the fraction of bound water within the system lowering the strength of the network.
2004
Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XVI
Trends in Colloid and Interface Science XVI
E. Carretti; L. Dei; P. Baglioni
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/779176
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