OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if defective activation of renal functional reserve (RFR) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) without clinical signs of renal involvement predicts the risk of developing clinically relevant renal damage. METHODS: Twenty-eight normotensive SSc patients with normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities were submitted to an intravenous amino acid load to activate RFR. Nineteen patients (six with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc)) had an RFR activation defect, while nine (two with dcSSc) showed normal RFR. All patients were followed up for 5 years, with periodic evaluation of renal function, urinary protein excretion and systemic blood pressure (BP). RESULTS: At admission, patients with normal RFR had lower BP than those with abnormal RFR; no age, disease duration or creatinine clearance (CCr) differences were found. Five years later, patients with abnormal RFR showed, with respect to basal values, a significantly higher CCr reduction than patients with normal RFR (mean percent decrease 15.4 ± 9.5 vs 2.6 ± 3.8, p<0.001). Among patients with abnormal RFR, 13 (68.4%) showed a CCr reduction of ≥ 2 ml/min/year, with a final CCr of ≤ 70 ml/min in eight cases; two patients developed microalbuminuria and 10 grade 1 or 2 systemic hypertension. Significant CCr reduction rates were found in eight patients with high BP and in five patients who remained normotensive. No patient with normal RFR had proteinuria or high BP during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of RFR activation is an early sign of renal involvement in SSc, and is a harbinger of an increased risk of developing renal insufficiency and systemic hypertension.

Lack of activation of renal functional reserve predicts the risk of significant renal involvement in systemic sclerosis / Livi, R; Guiducci, S; Perfetto, F; Ciuti, G; Grifoni, E; Conforti, L; Galluccio, F; Moggi Pignone, A; Matucci Cerinic, M. - In: ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES. - ISSN 0003-4967. - STAMPA. - 70:(2011), pp. 1963-1967. [10.1136/ard.2011.152892]

Lack of activation of renal functional reserve predicts the risk of significant renal involvement in systemic sclerosis.

LIVI, RICCARDO;GUIDUCCI, SERENA;PERFETTO, FEDERICO;CIUTI, GABRIELE;GRIFONI, ELISA;CONFORTI, MARIA LETIZIA;GALLUCCIO, FELICE;MOGGI PIGNONE, ALBERTO;MATUCCI CERINIC, MARCO
2011

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if defective activation of renal functional reserve (RFR) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) without clinical signs of renal involvement predicts the risk of developing clinically relevant renal damage. METHODS: Twenty-eight normotensive SSc patients with normal renal function and no urinary abnormalities were submitted to an intravenous amino acid load to activate RFR. Nineteen patients (six with diffuse cutaneous SSc (dcSSc)) had an RFR activation defect, while nine (two with dcSSc) showed normal RFR. All patients were followed up for 5 years, with periodic evaluation of renal function, urinary protein excretion and systemic blood pressure (BP). RESULTS: At admission, patients with normal RFR had lower BP than those with abnormal RFR; no age, disease duration or creatinine clearance (CCr) differences were found. Five years later, patients with abnormal RFR showed, with respect to basal values, a significantly higher CCr reduction than patients with normal RFR (mean percent decrease 15.4 ± 9.5 vs 2.6 ± 3.8, p<0.001). Among patients with abnormal RFR, 13 (68.4%) showed a CCr reduction of ≥ 2 ml/min/year, with a final CCr of ≤ 70 ml/min in eight cases; two patients developed microalbuminuria and 10 grade 1 or 2 systemic hypertension. Significant CCr reduction rates were found in eight patients with high BP and in five patients who remained normotensive. No patient with normal RFR had proteinuria or high BP during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Lack of RFR activation is an early sign of renal involvement in SSc, and is a harbinger of an increased risk of developing renal insufficiency and systemic hypertension.
2011
70
1963
1967
Livi, R; Guiducci, S; Perfetto, F; Ciuti, G; Grifoni, E; Conforti, L; Galluccio, F; Moggi Pignone, A; Matucci Cerinic, M
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Livi, Ann Rheum Dis 2011.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Versione finale referata (Postprint, Accepted manuscript)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 180.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
180.64 kB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/822858
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 20
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact