Marine coasts represent highly dynamics ecosystems, with sandy beaches being one of the most heterogeneous. Despite the key importance of sandy beaches as transition ecosystems between sea and land, very few studies on the microbiological composition of beach sediments have been performed. To provide a first description of microbial composition of supralittoral sediments, we investigated, the composition of bacterial communities of three sandy beaches, at Favignana Island, Italy, using metagenetic approaches (Terminal-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, sequencing of 16S rRNA genes by Illumina-Solexa technology, functional genes detection, and quantitative Real-Time PCR). Results showed that investigated beaches are harboring a rich bacterial diversity, mainly composed by members of classes Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Flavobacteria and Actinobacteria. The metagenetic analysis showed profiles of decreasing beta diversity and increasing richness, as well as a differentiation of communities, along the sea-to-land axis. In particular, members of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria displayed contrasting profiles of relative abundance (to decrease and to increase, respectively) along the sea-to-land axis of the beach. Finally, a search for the presence of genes related to nitrogen and carbon biogeochemical cycle (nifH, nosZ, pmoA/amoA) detected the presence of ammonia monoxygenase sequences (amoA) only, suggesting the presence of bacterial ammonia oxidation at some extent, probably due to members of Nitrospira, but the lack of nitrogen fixation and denitrification

Composition of supralittoral sediments bacterial communities in a Mediterranean island / G.Bacci; E.Pagoto; M.Passaponti; P.Vannocci; A.Ugolini; A.Mengoni. - In: ANNALS OF MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1590-4261. - STAMPA. - 65:(2014), pp. 1-13.

Composition of supralittoral sediments bacterial communities in a Mediterranean island

BACCI, GIOVANNI;PASSAPONTI, MAURIZIO;VANNOCCI, PIETRO;UGOLINI, ALBERTO;MENGONI, ALESSIO
2014

Abstract

Marine coasts represent highly dynamics ecosystems, with sandy beaches being one of the most heterogeneous. Despite the key importance of sandy beaches as transition ecosystems between sea and land, very few studies on the microbiological composition of beach sediments have been performed. To provide a first description of microbial composition of supralittoral sediments, we investigated, the composition of bacterial communities of three sandy beaches, at Favignana Island, Italy, using metagenetic approaches (Terminal-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism, sequencing of 16S rRNA genes by Illumina-Solexa technology, functional genes detection, and quantitative Real-Time PCR). Results showed that investigated beaches are harboring a rich bacterial diversity, mainly composed by members of classes Alphaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Flavobacteria and Actinobacteria. The metagenetic analysis showed profiles of decreasing beta diversity and increasing richness, as well as a differentiation of communities, along the sea-to-land axis. In particular, members of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria displayed contrasting profiles of relative abundance (to decrease and to increase, respectively) along the sea-to-land axis of the beach. Finally, a search for the presence of genes related to nitrogen and carbon biogeochemical cycle (nifH, nosZ, pmoA/amoA) detected the presence of ammonia monoxygenase sequences (amoA) only, suggesting the presence of bacterial ammonia oxidation at some extent, probably due to members of Nitrospira, but the lack of nitrogen fixation and denitrification
65
1
13
G.Bacci; E.Pagoto; M.Passaponti; P.Vannocci; A.Ugolini; A.Mengoni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/836297
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