Aims: the present meta-analysis is aimed at the assessment of the risk of incident clinical depression and/or depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes. Methods: A Medline search was performed on December 30th, 2011, using the search string: “diabetes AND (depression OR antidepressant)”, selecting longitudinal studies that assessed the risk of incident depression in subjects with or without diabetes. Study design and characteristics were verified for each study. A meta-analysis was performed for unadjusted and adjusted risk ratios of incident depression in subjects with diabetes using a random effect model. Additional analyses were performed to assess heterogeneity, publication bias and specific hazard ratios for several possible confounders. Results: Of the 1,898 retrieved studies, 16 were included in the meta-analysis, enrolling 497,223 subjects, with a mean follow-up of 5.8 years and 42,633 cases of incident depression. A higher incidence of depression was found in diabetic subjects (1.6 vs 1.4% yearly), with unadjusted and adjusted risk [95% confidence interval] of 1.29[1.18-1.40] (p<0.001) and 1.25[1.10-1.44] (p=0.001), respectively. Conclusions: Diabetes is associated with a significantly increased risk for depressive symptoms. Pathogenetic mechanisms connecting diabetes with depression deserve further exploration.

Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for depression. A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies / F. Rotella;E. Mannucci. - In: DIABETES RESEARCH AND CLINICAL PRACTICE. - ISSN 0168-8227. - STAMPA. - 99:(2013), pp. 98-104. [10.1016/j.diabres.2012.11.022]

Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for depression. A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies

ROTELLA, FRANCESCO;MANNUCCI, EDOARDO
2013

Abstract

Aims: the present meta-analysis is aimed at the assessment of the risk of incident clinical depression and/or depressive symptoms in patients with diabetes. Methods: A Medline search was performed on December 30th, 2011, using the search string: “diabetes AND (depression OR antidepressant)”, selecting longitudinal studies that assessed the risk of incident depression in subjects with or without diabetes. Study design and characteristics were verified for each study. A meta-analysis was performed for unadjusted and adjusted risk ratios of incident depression in subjects with diabetes using a random effect model. Additional analyses were performed to assess heterogeneity, publication bias and specific hazard ratios for several possible confounders. Results: Of the 1,898 retrieved studies, 16 were included in the meta-analysis, enrolling 497,223 subjects, with a mean follow-up of 5.8 years and 42,633 cases of incident depression. A higher incidence of depression was found in diabetic subjects (1.6 vs 1.4% yearly), with unadjusted and adjusted risk [95% confidence interval] of 1.29[1.18-1.40] (p<0.001) and 1.25[1.10-1.44] (p=0.001), respectively. Conclusions: Diabetes is associated with a significantly increased risk for depressive symptoms. Pathogenetic mechanisms connecting diabetes with depression deserve further exploration.
2013
99
98
104
F. Rotella;E. Mannucci
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/893934
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