The energetic convenience of electrolytic water splitting is limited by thermodynamics. Consequently, significant levels of hydrogen production can only be obtained with an electrical energy consumption exceeding 45 kWhkg1 H2. Electrochemical reforming allows the overcoming of such thermodynamic limitations by replacing oxygen evolution with the oxidation of biomass-derived alcohols. Here we show that the use of an original anode material consisting of palladium nanoparticles deposited on to a three-dimensional architecture of titania nanotubes allows electrical energy savings up to 26.5kWh kg1 H2 as compared with proton electrolyte membrane water electrolysis. A net energy analysis shows that for bio-ethanol with energy return of the invested energy larger than 5.1 (for example, cellulose), the electrochemical reforming energy balance is advantageous over proton electrolyte membrane water electrolysis.

Nanotechnology makes biomass electrolysis more energy efficient than water electrolysis / Y. X. Chen;A. Lavacchi;H. A. Miller;M. Bevilacqua;J. Filippi;M. Innocenti;A. Marchionni;W. Oberhauser;L. Wang;F. Vizza. - In: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2041-1723. - STAMPA. - 5:(2014), pp. 1-6. [10.1038/ncomms5036]

Nanotechnology makes biomass electrolysis more energy efficient than water electrolysis

LAVACCHI, ALESSANDRO;FILIPPI, JONATHAN;INNOCENTI, MASSIMO;MARCHIONNI, ANDREA;VIZZA, FRANCESCO
2014

Abstract

The energetic convenience of electrolytic water splitting is limited by thermodynamics. Consequently, significant levels of hydrogen production can only be obtained with an electrical energy consumption exceeding 45 kWhkg1 H2. Electrochemical reforming allows the overcoming of such thermodynamic limitations by replacing oxygen evolution with the oxidation of biomass-derived alcohols. Here we show that the use of an original anode material consisting of palladium nanoparticles deposited on to a three-dimensional architecture of titania nanotubes allows electrical energy savings up to 26.5kWh kg1 H2 as compared with proton electrolyte membrane water electrolysis. A net energy analysis shows that for bio-ethanol with energy return of the invested energy larger than 5.1 (for example, cellulose), the electrochemical reforming energy balance is advantageous over proton electrolyte membrane water electrolysis.
2014
5
1
6
Y. X. Chen;A. Lavacchi;H. A. Miller;M. Bevilacqua;J. Filippi;M. Innocenti;A. Marchionni;W. Oberhauser;L. Wang;F. Vizza
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/901141
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