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|Titolo:||Influence of Rhizophagus irregularis inoculation and phosphorus application on growth and arsenic accumulation in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivated on an arsenic contaminated soil|
|Autori interni:||GONNELLI, CRISTINA|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Rivista:||ENVIRONMETAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL|
|Abstract:||Southern Tuscany (Italy) is characterized by extensive arsenic (As) anomalies, with concentrations up to 2000 mg kg soil-1. Samples from the location of Scarlino, containing about 200 mg kg-1 of As, were used to study the influence of the inoculation of an arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungus (Rhizophagus irregularis, previously known as Glomus intraradices) and of phosphorus (P) application, separately and in combination, on As speciation in the rhizosphere of Zea mays, on plant growth and As accumulation. Also P distribution in plant parts was investigated. Each treatment produced a moderate rise of As(III) in the rhizosphere, increased As(III) and lowered As(V) concentration in shoots. P treatment, alone or in combination with AM, augmented the plant biomass. The treatments did not affect total As concentration in the shoots (with all the values <1 mg kg-1 dry weight), while in the roots it was lowered by P treatment alone. Such decrease was probably a consequence of the competition between P and As(V) for the same transport systems, interestingly nullified by the combination with AM treatment. P concentration was higher with AM only in both shoots and roots. Therefore, the obtained results can be extremely encouraging for the maize cultivation on a marginal land, like the one studied.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1a - Articolo su rivista|
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