The absence of a detectable immune response during transmissible spongiform encephalopathies is likely due to the fact that the essential component of infectious agents, the prion protein (PrP), is a self Ag expressed on the surface of many cells of the host. To overcome self-tolerance to PrP, we used 30-mer PrP peptides previously shown to be immunogenic in Prnp/ mice, together with CFA or CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG) in IFA. Generation of anti-PrP T and B cell responses was analyzed in the spleen, lymph nodes, and serum of immunized C57BL/6 wild-type mice. Immunization with PrP peptides emulsified in CFA did not trigger an immune response to PrP. When CpG were used, vaccination with peptides P143–172 and P158–187 generated IFN- -secreting splenic T cells, and only P158–187 significantly stimulated IL-4-secreting T cells. Both peptides induced few Abproducing B cells, and low and variable serum Ab titers. In contrast, immunization with peptide P98–127 did not induce significant levels of T cell responses but elicited specific peptide Abs. T cell epitope mapping, performed using 15-mer peptides covering PrP segment 142–182, revealed that an immunogenic motif lies between positions 156 and 172. These results demonstrate that T and B cell repertoires against PrP can be stimulated in C57BL/6 when adjuvant of the innate immunity such as CpG, but not CFA, is added to PrP peptides, and that the pattern of immune responses varies according to the epitope. The Journal of Immunology, 2004, 172: 5168–5174.

Breaking immune tolerance to the prion protein using prion protein peptides plus oligodeoxynucleotide-CpG in mice / Rosset MB;Ballerini C;Gregoire S;Metharom P;Carnaud C;Aucouturier P. - In: JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-1767. - ELETTRONICO. - 172:(2004), pp. 5168-5174.

Breaking immune tolerance to the prion protein using prion protein peptides plus oligodeoxynucleotide-CpG in mice.

BALLERINI, CLARA;
2004

Abstract

The absence of a detectable immune response during transmissible spongiform encephalopathies is likely due to the fact that the essential component of infectious agents, the prion protein (PrP), is a self Ag expressed on the surface of many cells of the host. To overcome self-tolerance to PrP, we used 30-mer PrP peptides previously shown to be immunogenic in Prnp/ mice, together with CFA or CpG-oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG) in IFA. Generation of anti-PrP T and B cell responses was analyzed in the spleen, lymph nodes, and serum of immunized C57BL/6 wild-type mice. Immunization with PrP peptides emulsified in CFA did not trigger an immune response to PrP. When CpG were used, vaccination with peptides P143–172 and P158–187 generated IFN- -secreting splenic T cells, and only P158–187 significantly stimulated IL-4-secreting T cells. Both peptides induced few Abproducing B cells, and low and variable serum Ab titers. In contrast, immunization with peptide P98–127 did not induce significant levels of T cell responses but elicited specific peptide Abs. T cell epitope mapping, performed using 15-mer peptides covering PrP segment 142–182, revealed that an immunogenic motif lies between positions 156 and 172. These results demonstrate that T and B cell repertoires against PrP can be stimulated in C57BL/6 when adjuvant of the innate immunity such as CpG, but not CFA, is added to PrP peptides, and that the pattern of immune responses varies according to the epitope. The Journal of Immunology, 2004, 172: 5168–5174.
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5168
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Rosset MB;Ballerini C;Gregoire S;Metharom P;Carnaud C;Aucouturier P
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/927549
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