PURPOSE: Androgen-independent prostate cancer (AI-PC) is characterized by a higher invasive potential compared to hormone-responsive prostate cancer. A therapeutic option for AI-PC should thus be targeted to suppress not only cell proliferation, but also the invasive ability of the cells. Here, we investigated the effect of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib ('IRESSA', ZD1839) on EGF-stimulated invasion and proliferation in two androgen-independent prostate cancer cell lines PC3 and DU145. In addition, we determined the effect of the compound on EGF-stimulated PI3 K/AKT pathway activation, in view of the key role exerted by this pathway in carcinoma cell invasion. METHODS: Cell proliferation was determined by thymidine incorporation in the nuclei. Cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry. Invasion through matrigel in vitro was measured by using Boyden chambers. PI3 K activity was measured by immunokinase assay and AKT phosphorylation was evaluated by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Gefitinib inhibits invasion through matrigel and collagen in response to EGF in both cell lines. In addition, we confirm the inhibitory effect of the compound on basal and EGF-induced cell proliferation. Such an effect was accompanied by accumulation of the cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. The effect of the compound is due, as expected, to suppression of EGF-induced autotransphosphorylation of EGFR. In addition, we demonstrate here that gefitinib inhibits EGF-induced activation of PI3 K/AKT pathway in both cell lines. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results demonstrate that gefitinib is able to suppress invasion and proliferation of AI-PC cells by suppressing EGF-stimulated activation of the PI3 K/AKT pathway and support a possible use of the drug in the treatment of advanced PC to limit not only proliferation but also invasion to other districts.

Gefitinib ('IRESSA', ZD1839) inhibits EGF-induced invasion in prostate cancer cells by suppressing PI3 K/AKT activation / Bonaccorsi L; Marchiani S; Muratori M; Forti G; Baldi E. - In: JOURNAL OF CANCER RESEARCH AND CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-5216. - STAMPA. - 130:(2004), pp. 604-614.

Gefitinib ('IRESSA', ZD1839) inhibits EGF-induced invasion in prostate cancer cells by suppressing PI3 K/AKT activation

BONACCORSI, LORELLA;MARCHIANI, SARA;MURATORI, MONICA;FORTI, GIANNI;BALDI, ELISABETTA
2004

Abstract

PURPOSE: Androgen-independent prostate cancer (AI-PC) is characterized by a higher invasive potential compared to hormone-responsive prostate cancer. A therapeutic option for AI-PC should thus be targeted to suppress not only cell proliferation, but also the invasive ability of the cells. Here, we investigated the effect of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib ('IRESSA', ZD1839) on EGF-stimulated invasion and proliferation in two androgen-independent prostate cancer cell lines PC3 and DU145. In addition, we determined the effect of the compound on EGF-stimulated PI3 K/AKT pathway activation, in view of the key role exerted by this pathway in carcinoma cell invasion. METHODS: Cell proliferation was determined by thymidine incorporation in the nuclei. Cell cycle analysis was performed by flow cytometry. Invasion through matrigel in vitro was measured by using Boyden chambers. PI3 K activity was measured by immunokinase assay and AKT phosphorylation was evaluated by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Gefitinib inhibits invasion through matrigel and collagen in response to EGF in both cell lines. In addition, we confirm the inhibitory effect of the compound on basal and EGF-induced cell proliferation. Such an effect was accompanied by accumulation of the cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. The effect of the compound is due, as expected, to suppression of EGF-induced autotransphosphorylation of EGFR. In addition, we demonstrate here that gefitinib inhibits EGF-induced activation of PI3 K/AKT pathway in both cell lines. CONCLUSION: Overall, our results demonstrate that gefitinib is able to suppress invasion and proliferation of AI-PC cells by suppressing EGF-stimulated activation of the PI3 K/AKT pathway and support a possible use of the drug in the treatment of advanced PC to limit not only proliferation but also invasion to other districts.
2004
130
604
614
Bonaccorsi L; Marchiani S; Muratori M; Forti G; Baldi E
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
JCRCO Bonaccorsi 2004.pdf

Accesso chiuso

Tipologia: Versione finale referata (Postprint, Accepted manuscript)
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 622.98 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
622.98 kB Adobe PDF   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/952160
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 55
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact