A series of potent inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms I and II has been prepared via a direct, chemoselective sulfochlorination of a range of 1,3-oxazolyl benzenes and thiophenes, followed by primary sulfonamide synthesis. The latter functionality is a known zinc-binding group (ZBG) responsible for anchoring the inhibitors to the CA's zinc metal ion. The compound's periphery as well as the overall scaffold geometry was designed to enable optimal interactions with the two distinct sides of the enzyme's active site, one of which is lined with hydrophobic residues and while the other is predominantly hydrophilic. As a result, several compounds inhibiting the therapeutically important cytosolic CA I and CA II in picomolar range have been identified. These compounds are one of the most potent CA inhibitors identified to-date. Not only the remarkable (>10 000-fold), cytosolic CA I and CA II selectivity vs. the membrane-bound CA IX and CA XII isoforms, but also the pronounced CA II/I selectivity observed in some cases, allow considering this series as a set of isoform-selective chemical biology tools and promising starting points for drug candidate development.

Probing the 'bipolar' nature of the carbonic anhydrase active site: Aromatic sulfonamides containing 1,3-oxazol-5-yl moiety as picomolar inhibitors of cytosolic CA I and CA II isoforms / Krasavin, Mikhail; Korsakov, Mikhail; Dorogov, Mikhail; Tuccinardi, Tiziano; Dedeoglu, Nurcan; Supuran, Claudiu T.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0223-5234. - STAMPA. - 101:(2015), pp. 334-347. [10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.06.022]

Probing the 'bipolar' nature of the carbonic anhydrase active site: Aromatic sulfonamides containing 1,3-oxazol-5-yl moiety as picomolar inhibitors of cytosolic CA I and CA II isoforms

SUPURAN, CLAUDIU TRANDAFIR
2015

Abstract

A series of potent inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoforms I and II has been prepared via a direct, chemoselective sulfochlorination of a range of 1,3-oxazolyl benzenes and thiophenes, followed by primary sulfonamide synthesis. The latter functionality is a known zinc-binding group (ZBG) responsible for anchoring the inhibitors to the CA's zinc metal ion. The compound's periphery as well as the overall scaffold geometry was designed to enable optimal interactions with the two distinct sides of the enzyme's active site, one of which is lined with hydrophobic residues and while the other is predominantly hydrophilic. As a result, several compounds inhibiting the therapeutically important cytosolic CA I and CA II in picomolar range have been identified. These compounds are one of the most potent CA inhibitors identified to-date. Not only the remarkable (>10 000-fold), cytosolic CA I and CA II selectivity vs. the membrane-bound CA IX and CA XII isoforms, but also the pronounced CA II/I selectivity observed in some cases, allow considering this series as a set of isoform-selective chemical biology tools and promising starting points for drug candidate development.
2015
101
334
347
Krasavin, Mikhail; Korsakov, Mikhail; Dorogov, Mikhail; Tuccinardi, Tiziano; Dedeoglu, Nurcan; Supuran, Claudiu T.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1008353
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