The Organic Rankine (ORC) and Kalina (KC) Cycles represent two different technologies suitable to exploit low and medium temperature geothermal heat resources. In this work, the performances of KC, CO2 and ORC cycles, the latter using different working fluids, for power generation from two geothermal fluid reservoirs are compared from an energy and exergoeconomic perspective. Two different case studies are discussed: the first one referred to a medium-temperature heat source of 212 °C (Mt. Amiata, Italy), the second one to a low-temperature heat source of 120 °C (Pomarance geothermal basin, Italy). For each case study, cost rate balances and auxiliary equations for all components were evaluated, as well as the flow rate and unit exergy cost for each stream. The results for the medium temperature case study showed that, among the considered cycles, an ORC with R1233zd(E) achieves the best exergoeconomic performance. The cost of the produced electricity was found to be 8.85 c€/kW h, which is 3% lower than that of the KC. On the other hand, for the low temperature case study, the KC shows the best performance, being able to produce 22–42% more net power than the ORC; in this case, the cost of electricity produced by the KC was found at 12.5 c€/kW h, which is 24–34% lower than the typical value for an ORC with different working fluids.

Exergoeconomic analysis and comparison between ORC and Kalina cycles to exploit low and medium-high temperature heat from two different geothermal sites / Fiaschi, Daniele; Manfrida, Giampaolo; Rogai, E.; Talluri, Lorenzo. - In: ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT. - ISSN 0196-8904. - ELETTRONICO. - 154:(2017), pp. 503-516. [10.1016/j.enconman.2017.11.034]

Exergoeconomic analysis and comparison between ORC and Kalina cycles to exploit low and medium-high temperature heat from two different geothermal sites

Fiaschi, D.
Supervision
;
Manfrida, G.
Methodology
;
Talluri, L.
Investigation
2017

Abstract

The Organic Rankine (ORC) and Kalina (KC) Cycles represent two different technologies suitable to exploit low and medium temperature geothermal heat resources. In this work, the performances of KC, CO2 and ORC cycles, the latter using different working fluids, for power generation from two geothermal fluid reservoirs are compared from an energy and exergoeconomic perspective. Two different case studies are discussed: the first one referred to a medium-temperature heat source of 212 °C (Mt. Amiata, Italy), the second one to a low-temperature heat source of 120 °C (Pomarance geothermal basin, Italy). For each case study, cost rate balances and auxiliary equations for all components were evaluated, as well as the flow rate and unit exergy cost for each stream. The results for the medium temperature case study showed that, among the considered cycles, an ORC with R1233zd(E) achieves the best exergoeconomic performance. The cost of the produced electricity was found to be 8.85 c€/kW h, which is 3% lower than that of the KC. On the other hand, for the low temperature case study, the KC shows the best performance, being able to produce 22–42% more net power than the ORC; in this case, the cost of electricity produced by the KC was found at 12.5 c€/kW h, which is 24–34% lower than the typical value for an ORC with different working fluids.
2017
154
503
516
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
Goal 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production
Fiaschi, Daniele; Manfrida, Giampaolo; Rogai, E.; Talluri, Lorenzo
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1104182
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