HYPOTHESIS: In a saturated cement paste, there are three different types of water: the structural water chemically reacted with cement, the constrained water absorbed to the surface of the pores, and the free water in the center of the pores. Each type has different physicochemical state and unique relation to cement porosity. The different water types have different dynamics which can be detected using quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS). Since the porosity of a hardened cement paste is impacted strongly by the water to cement ratio (w/c), it should be possible to extract the hydration dependence of the pores by exploiting the dynamical parameters of the confined water. EXPERIMENTS: Three C-S-H samples with different water levels, 8%, 17% and 30% were measured using QENS. The measurements were carried out in the scattering vector, Q, range from 0.5 Å-1 to 1.3 Å-1, and in the temperature interval from 230 K to 280 K. The data were analyzed using a novel global model developed for cement QENS spectra. FINDINGS: The results show that while increasing the water content, the structural water index (SWI) decreases and the confining radius, a, increases. Both SWI and a have a linear relationship with the water content. The Arrhenius plot of the translational relaxation time shows that the constrained water dominates the non-structural water at water contents lower than 17%. The rotational activation energy is smaller for lower water content. The analysis demonstrated that our newly proposed global model is practical and useful for analyzing cement QENS data.

Hydration-dependent dynamics of water in calcium-silicate-hydrate: A QENS study by global model / Le, Peisi; Fratini, Emiliano; Chen, Sow-Hsin*. - In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES. - ISSN 0927-7765. - STAMPA. - (2018), pp. 0-0. [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2018.01.039]

Hydration-dependent dynamics of water in calcium-silicate-hydrate: A QENS study by global model

Fratini, Emiliano;
2018

Abstract

HYPOTHESIS: In a saturated cement paste, there are three different types of water: the structural water chemically reacted with cement, the constrained water absorbed to the surface of the pores, and the free water in the center of the pores. Each type has different physicochemical state and unique relation to cement porosity. The different water types have different dynamics which can be detected using quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS). Since the porosity of a hardened cement paste is impacted strongly by the water to cement ratio (w/c), it should be possible to extract the hydration dependence of the pores by exploiting the dynamical parameters of the confined water. EXPERIMENTS: Three C-S-H samples with different water levels, 8%, 17% and 30% were measured using QENS. The measurements were carried out in the scattering vector, Q, range from 0.5 Å-1 to 1.3 Å-1, and in the temperature interval from 230 K to 280 K. The data were analyzed using a novel global model developed for cement QENS spectra. FINDINGS: The results show that while increasing the water content, the structural water index (SWI) decreases and the confining radius, a, increases. Both SWI and a have a linear relationship with the water content. The Arrhenius plot of the translational relaxation time shows that the constrained water dominates the non-structural water at water contents lower than 17%. The rotational activation energy is smaller for lower water content. The analysis demonstrated that our newly proposed global model is practical and useful for analyzing cement QENS data.
2018
0
0
Le, Peisi; Fratini, Emiliano; Chen, Sow-Hsin*
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1114022
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