After total hip replacement surgery, crutches are often prescribed to enable patients to walk independently. Purpose of this study was to evaluate possible crutch length influence on gait performance and symmetry, including spatiotemporal and kinetics parameters. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to elbow flexed (EF) or elbow extended (EE) crutch setup. Subjects were asked to walk on the laboratory path, instrumented with motion tracking system and force platforms. Spatiotemporal gait parameters and ground reaction force (GRF) parameters for both limbs and crutch support were evaluated. In addition, limb symmetry was evaluated for both gait and force parameters using the symmetry index. Variability was quantified for base of support width, stride time and length as the coefficient of variation. Results showed that cadence and walking speed were not significantly different, but stride length significantly decreased and base of support width increased for the EF group when compared to the EE group. Operated limb GRF parameters were significantly decreased for the EF group, while crutch force parameters decreased for the EE group. Furthermore, the EF group showed greater stride length variability and asymmetry of force and spatiotemporal parameters than EE group did. The results of the present study showed that EF and EE setups did not assist patients equally during walking, with EE setup allowing more load bearing on the operated side, reducing load on the crutch and asymmetries in gait parameters when compared to the EF setup. This may help clinicians in rationalizing crutch setup for patients after total hip replacement surgery.

Does crutch length influence gait parameters after total hip replacement surgery? / Freddolini, M., Esposito, F., Marcucci, M., Corvi, A., Braccio, P., Latella, L.. - In: GAIT & POSTURE. - ISSN 0966-6362. - STAMPA. - 60:(2018), pp. 262-267. [10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.07.035]

Does crutch length influence gait parameters after total hip replacement surgery?

Esposito F.;Marcucci M.;Corvi A.;Latella L.
2018

Abstract

After total hip replacement surgery, crutches are often prescribed to enable patients to walk independently. Purpose of this study was to evaluate possible crutch length influence on gait performance and symmetry, including spatiotemporal and kinetics parameters. Thirty patients were randomly assigned to elbow flexed (EF) or elbow extended (EE) crutch setup. Subjects were asked to walk on the laboratory path, instrumented with motion tracking system and force platforms. Spatiotemporal gait parameters and ground reaction force (GRF) parameters for both limbs and crutch support were evaluated. In addition, limb symmetry was evaluated for both gait and force parameters using the symmetry index. Variability was quantified for base of support width, stride time and length as the coefficient of variation. Results showed that cadence and walking speed were not significantly different, but stride length significantly decreased and base of support width increased for the EF group when compared to the EE group. Operated limb GRF parameters were significantly decreased for the EF group, while crutch force parameters decreased for the EE group. Furthermore, the EF group showed greater stride length variability and asymmetry of force and spatiotemporal parameters than EE group did. The results of the present study showed that EF and EE setups did not assist patients equally during walking, with EE setup allowing more load bearing on the operated side, reducing load on the crutch and asymmetries in gait parameters when compared to the EF setup. This may help clinicians in rationalizing crutch setup for patients after total hip replacement surgery.
2018
60
262
267
Freddolini, M., Esposito, F., Marcucci, M., Corvi, A., Braccio, P., Latella, L.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1138622
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