Pathogenesis of mycobacterial infection has been extensively studied determining the fundamental role of host immunocompetence in disease progression. Cellular adaptive immunity, in particular CD4+ cells, has shown to be crucial in the host defence. A role of cytotoxic lymphocytes and humoral immunity has also been established. However, few studies have been performed in low endemic countries on immunological correlates of tuberculosis in paediatric patients. The present study aims to fill this gap analysing the distribution and the absolute values of the main lymphocyte subpopulations (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ and CD16+/CD56+) in the different stages of tubercular infection in human immunodeficiency virus-negative children living in low tubercular endemic countries. Results obtained in children with latent tuberculosis, active tuberculosis and healthy controls were compared. Moreover, quantitative analysis of interferon-γ levels of mitogen-induced response was carried out within the different study groups. The aim of this analysis was to enforce the comprehension of immune modifications subsequent to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The major finding of our study was CD3+ and CD4+ absolute and percentage depletion in children with active tuberculosis versus healthy controls. Moreover, severe forms of active tuberculosis showed a marked reduction in the CD4+ percentage in the context of a systemic impairment which affects globally the absolute count of all peripheral lymphocyte subsets tested. A relative increase of natural killer cells was proved in infected patients, whereas no differences in B cells among the study groups were detected. Mitogen-induced interferon-γ levels were significantly higher in children with latent tuberculosis when compared to active tuberculosis and healthy controls, demonstrating effective immune activation in those patients able to control the infection

CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 and CD16/CD56 positive cells in tuberculosis infection and disease: Peculiar features in children / Venturini E ,Lodi L ,Francolino I ,Ricci S ,Chiappini ,de Martino M ,Galli L. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF IMMUNOPATHOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 2058-7384. - ELETTRONICO. - (2019), pp. 0-0. [10.1177/2058738419840241]

CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19 and CD16/CD56 positive cells in tuberculosis infection and disease: Peculiar features in children

Venturini E;FRANCOLINO, ILARIA;Ricci S;Chiappini;de Martino M;Galli L
2019

Abstract

Pathogenesis of mycobacterial infection has been extensively studied determining the fundamental role of host immunocompetence in disease progression. Cellular adaptive immunity, in particular CD4+ cells, has shown to be crucial in the host defence. A role of cytotoxic lymphocytes and humoral immunity has also been established. However, few studies have been performed in low endemic countries on immunological correlates of tuberculosis in paediatric patients. The present study aims to fill this gap analysing the distribution and the absolute values of the main lymphocyte subpopulations (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ and CD16+/CD56+) in the different stages of tubercular infection in human immunodeficiency virus-negative children living in low tubercular endemic countries. Results obtained in children with latent tuberculosis, active tuberculosis and healthy controls were compared. Moreover, quantitative analysis of interferon-γ levels of mitogen-induced response was carried out within the different study groups. The aim of this analysis was to enforce the comprehension of immune modifications subsequent to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The major finding of our study was CD3+ and CD4+ absolute and percentage depletion in children with active tuberculosis versus healthy controls. Moreover, severe forms of active tuberculosis showed a marked reduction in the CD4+ percentage in the context of a systemic impairment which affects globally the absolute count of all peripheral lymphocyte subsets tested. A relative increase of natural killer cells was proved in infected patients, whereas no differences in B cells among the study groups were detected. Mitogen-induced interferon-γ levels were significantly higher in children with latent tuberculosis when compared to active tuberculosis and healthy controls, demonstrating effective immune activation in those patients able to control the infection
2019
0
0
Venturini E ,Lodi L ,Francolino I ,Ricci S ,Chiappini ,de Martino M ,Galli L
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1173239
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