This study aimed to understand if specific types of guilt were associated with distinct bystander roles. Specifically, we tested if differences in children’s endorsement of ethical vs. sanction-oriented guilt predicted differences in defending and outsider behaviours. Participants were 574 primary Italian school students from 4th and 5th grade. Measures included self-reported guilt feelings and peer reports of defender and outsider behaviours. Results showed that defenders and outsiders were characterized by different types of guilt. Ethical guilt and a marked lack of happy victimizing (i.e., feeling happy after transgressing) characterized defenders, whereas the link between outsider behaviours and ethical guilt was weaker. Also, outsider males tended to endorse externally dependent feelings of sanction-oriented guilt. Overall, defenders appear to feel and act in others’ defence, whereas the emotions and behaviours of outsiders may be more focused on their own defence.

In my defence or yours: Children’s guilt subtypes and bystander roles in bullying / Nocentini A.; Colasante T.; Malti T.; Menesini E.. - In: THE EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1740-5629. - ELETTRONICO. - (2020), pp. 1-17. [10.1080/17405629.2020.1725466]

In my defence or yours: Children’s guilt subtypes and bystander roles in bullying

Nocentini A.
Formal Analysis
;
Malti T.;Menesini E.
2020

Abstract

This study aimed to understand if specific types of guilt were associated with distinct bystander roles. Specifically, we tested if differences in children’s endorsement of ethical vs. sanction-oriented guilt predicted differences in defending and outsider behaviours. Participants were 574 primary Italian school students from 4th and 5th grade. Measures included self-reported guilt feelings and peer reports of defender and outsider behaviours. Results showed that defenders and outsiders were characterized by different types of guilt. Ethical guilt and a marked lack of happy victimizing (i.e., feeling happy after transgressing) characterized defenders, whereas the link between outsider behaviours and ethical guilt was weaker. Also, outsider males tended to endorse externally dependent feelings of sanction-oriented guilt. Overall, defenders appear to feel and act in others’ defence, whereas the emotions and behaviours of outsiders may be more focused on their own defence.
2020
1
17
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Goal 4: Quality education
Nocentini A.; Colasante T.; Malti T.; Menesini E.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1191675
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