Discordance among amyloid biomarkers is a challenge to overcome in order to increase diagnostic accuracy in dementia. Objectives: 1) To verify that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio (AβR) better agrees with Amyloid PET (Amy-PET) results compared to CSF Aβ42; 2) to detect differences among concordant positive, concordant negative, and discordant cases, basing the concordance definition on the agreement between CSF AβR and Amy-PET results; 3) to define the suspected underlying pathology of discordant cases using in vivo biomarkers. Method: We retrospectively enrolled 39 cognitively impaired participants in which neuropsychological tests, apolipoprotein E genotype determination, TC/MRI, FDG-PET, Amy-PET, and CSF analysis had been performed. In all cases, CSF analysis was repeated using the automated Lumipulse method. In discordant cases, FDG-PET scans were evaluated visually and using automated classifiers. Results: CSF AβR better agreed with Amy-PET compared to CSF Aβ42 (Cohen's K 0.431 versus 0.05). Comparisons among groups did not show any difference in clinical characteristics except for age at symptoms onset that was higher in the 6 discordant cases with abnormal CSF AβR values and negative Amy-PET (CSF AβR+/AmyPET-). FDG-PET and all CSF markers (Aβ42, AβR, p-Tau, t-Tau) were suggestive of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in 5 of these 6 cases. Conclusion: 1) CSF AβR is the CSF amyloid marker that shows the better level of agreement with Amy-PET results; 2) The use of FDG-PET and CSF-Tau markers in CSFAβR+/Amy-PET-discordant cases can support AD diagnosis; 3) Disagreement between positive CSF AβR and negative Amy-PET in symptomatic aged AD patients could be due to the variability in plaques conformation and a negative Amy-PET scan cannot be always sufficient to rule out AD.

Challenges in Alzheimer's Disease Diagnostic Work-Up: Amyloid Biomarker Incongruences / Lombardi G.; Pupi A.; Bessi V.; Polito C.; Padiglioni S.; Ferrari C.; Lucidi G.; Berti V.; De Cristofaro M.T.; Piaceri I.; Bagnoli S.; Nacmias B.; Sorbi S.. - In: JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE. - ISSN 1387-2877. - ELETTRONICO. - 77:(2020), pp. 203-217. [10.3233/JAD-200119]

Challenges in Alzheimer's Disease Diagnostic Work-Up: Amyloid Biomarker Incongruences

Lombardi G.;Pupi A.;Bessi V.;Polito C.;Padiglioni S.;Ferrari C.;Lucidi G.;Berti V.;Piaceri I.;Bagnoli S.;Nacmias B.;Sorbi S.
2020

Abstract

Discordance among amyloid biomarkers is a challenge to overcome in order to increase diagnostic accuracy in dementia. Objectives: 1) To verify that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio (AβR) better agrees with Amyloid PET (Amy-PET) results compared to CSF Aβ42; 2) to detect differences among concordant positive, concordant negative, and discordant cases, basing the concordance definition on the agreement between CSF AβR and Amy-PET results; 3) to define the suspected underlying pathology of discordant cases using in vivo biomarkers. Method: We retrospectively enrolled 39 cognitively impaired participants in which neuropsychological tests, apolipoprotein E genotype determination, TC/MRI, FDG-PET, Amy-PET, and CSF analysis had been performed. In all cases, CSF analysis was repeated using the automated Lumipulse method. In discordant cases, FDG-PET scans were evaluated visually and using automated classifiers. Results: CSF AβR better agreed with Amy-PET compared to CSF Aβ42 (Cohen's K 0.431 versus 0.05). Comparisons among groups did not show any difference in clinical characteristics except for age at symptoms onset that was higher in the 6 discordant cases with abnormal CSF AβR values and negative Amy-PET (CSF AβR+/AmyPET-). FDG-PET and all CSF markers (Aβ42, AβR, p-Tau, t-Tau) were suggestive of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in 5 of these 6 cases. Conclusion: 1) CSF AβR is the CSF amyloid marker that shows the better level of agreement with Amy-PET results; 2) The use of FDG-PET and CSF-Tau markers in CSFAβR+/Amy-PET-discordant cases can support AD diagnosis; 3) Disagreement between positive CSF AβR and negative Amy-PET in symptomatic aged AD patients could be due to the variability in plaques conformation and a negative Amy-PET scan cannot be always sufficient to rule out AD.
2020
77
203
217
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Lombardi G.; Pupi A.; Bessi V.; Polito C.; Padiglioni S.; Ferrari C.; Lucidi G.; Berti V.; De Cristofaro M.T.; Piaceri I.; Bagnoli S.; Nacmias B.; Sorbi S.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1211154
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