We evaluated the prevalence and prognostic value of left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular systolic dysfunction in the presence of overt and cryptic shock.In this prospective study, between October 2012 and June 2019, we enrolled 354 patients with sepsis, 41% with shock, among those admitted to the Emergency Department High-Dependency Unit. Patients were grouped based on the presence of shock, or by the presence of lactate levels ≥ (LAC +) or < 2 mmol/L (LAC-) evaluated within the first 24 h. By echocardiography performed within 24 h from the admission, LV systolic dysfunction was defined as global longitudinal strain (GLS) > -14%; RV systolic dysfunction as Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) < 16 mm. All-cause mortality was assessed at day-7 and day-28 follow-up. Mean values of LV GLS (-12.3 ± 3.4 vs -12.9 ± 3.8%) and TAPSE (1.8 ± 0.7 vs 1.8 ± 0.5 cm, all p = NS) were similar in patients with and in those without shock. LV GLS was significantly worse in LAC + than LAC- patients (− 11.2 ± 3.1 vs − 12.9 ± 3.7%, p = 0.001). In patients without shock, as well as in those LAC-, LV dysfunction was associated with increased day-28 mortality rate (78% vs 57% in non-survivors and survivors without shock and 74% vs 53% in non-survivors and survivors LAC-, all p < 0.01). LV (RR 2.26, 95% CI 1.37–3.74) and RV systolic dysfunction (RR 1.85, 95% CI 1.22–2.81) were associated with increased 28-day mortality rate in addition and independent to LAC + (RR 1.81, 95% CI 1.15–2.84). In conclusion, LV and RV ventricular dysfunction were independently associated with an increased mortality rate, altogether with the presence of cryptic shock.

Prognostic stratification in septic patients with overt and cryptic shock by speckle tracking echocardiography / Innocenti F.; Palmieri V.; Stefanone V.T.; D'Argenzio F.; Cigana M.; Montuori M.; Capretti E.; De Paris A.; Calcagno S.; Tassinari I.; Pini R.. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1828-0447. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021), pp. 757-764. [10.1007/s11739-020-02545-3]

Prognostic stratification in septic patients with overt and cryptic shock by speckle tracking echocardiography

Innocenti F.
;
Stefanone V. T.;D'Argenzio F.;Cigana M.;Montuori M.;Capretti E.;De Paris A.;Calcagno S.;Tassinari I.;Pini R.
2021

Abstract

We evaluated the prevalence and prognostic value of left (LV) and right (RV) ventricular systolic dysfunction in the presence of overt and cryptic shock.In this prospective study, between October 2012 and June 2019, we enrolled 354 patients with sepsis, 41% with shock, among those admitted to the Emergency Department High-Dependency Unit. Patients were grouped based on the presence of shock, or by the presence of lactate levels ≥ (LAC +) or < 2 mmol/L (LAC-) evaluated within the first 24 h. By echocardiography performed within 24 h from the admission, LV systolic dysfunction was defined as global longitudinal strain (GLS) > -14%; RV systolic dysfunction as Tricuspid Annular Plane Systolic Excursion (TAPSE) < 16 mm. All-cause mortality was assessed at day-7 and day-28 follow-up. Mean values of LV GLS (-12.3 ± 3.4 vs -12.9 ± 3.8%) and TAPSE (1.8 ± 0.7 vs 1.8 ± 0.5 cm, all p = NS) were similar in patients with and in those without shock. LV GLS was significantly worse in LAC + than LAC- patients (− 11.2 ± 3.1 vs − 12.9 ± 3.7%, p = 0.001). In patients without shock, as well as in those LAC-, LV dysfunction was associated with increased day-28 mortality rate (78% vs 57% in non-survivors and survivors without shock and 74% vs 53% in non-survivors and survivors LAC-, all p < 0.01). LV (RR 2.26, 95% CI 1.37–3.74) and RV systolic dysfunction (RR 1.85, 95% CI 1.22–2.81) were associated with increased 28-day mortality rate in addition and independent to LAC + (RR 1.81, 95% CI 1.15–2.84). In conclusion, LV and RV ventricular dysfunction were independently associated with an increased mortality rate, altogether with the presence of cryptic shock.
2021
757
764
Goal 3: Good health and well-being for people
Innocenti F.; Palmieri V.; Stefanone V.T.; D'Argenzio F.; Cigana M.; Montuori M.; Capretti E.; De Paris A.; Calcagno S.; Tassinari I.; Pini R.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1216266
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