We present a new catalogue of ∼2400 optically selected quasars with spectroscopic redshifts and X-ray observations from either Chandra or XMM-Newton. The sample can be used to investigate the non-linear relation between the ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray luminosity of quasars as well as to build a Hubble diagram up to a redshift of z ∼ 7.5. We selected sources that are neither reddened by dust in the optical and UV nor obscured by gas in the X-rays, and whose X-ray fluxes are free from flux-limit-related biases. After checking for any possible systematics, we confirm, in agreement with our previous works, that the X-ray to UV relation provides distance estimates matching those from supernovae up to z ∼ 1.5, and its slope shows no redshift evolution up to z ∼ 5. We provide a full description of the methodology for testing cosmological models, further supporting a trend whereby the Hubble diagram of quasars is well reproduced by the standard flat cold dark matter model up to z ∼ 1.5-2, but strong deviations emerge at higher redshifts. Since we have minimised all non-negligible systematic effects and proven the stability of the LX - LUV relation at high redshifts, we conclude that an evolution of the expansion rate of the Universe should be considered as a possible explanation for the observed deviation, rather than some systematic (redshift-dependent) effect associated with high-redshift quasars.

Quasars as standard candles: III. Validation of a new sample for cosmological studies / Lusso E.; Risaliti G.; Nardini E.; Bargiacchi G.; Benetti M.; Bisogni S.; Capozziello S.; Civano F.; Eggleston L.; Elvis M.; Fabbiano G.; Gilli R.; Marconi A.; Paolillo M.; Piedipalumbo E.; Salvestrini F.; Signorini M.; Vignali C.. - In: ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS. - ISSN 0004-6361. - ELETTRONICO. - 642:(2020), pp. A150-0. [10.1051/0004-6361/202038899]

Quasars as standard candles: III. Validation of a new sample for cosmological studies

Lusso E.;Risaliti G.;Nardini E.;Bargiacchi G.;Bisogni S.;Capozziello S.;Gilli R.;Marconi A.;Paolillo M.;Salvestrini F.;Signorini M.;Vignali C.
2020

Abstract

We present a new catalogue of ∼2400 optically selected quasars with spectroscopic redshifts and X-ray observations from either Chandra or XMM-Newton. The sample can be used to investigate the non-linear relation between the ultraviolet (UV) and X-ray luminosity of quasars as well as to build a Hubble diagram up to a redshift of z ∼ 7.5. We selected sources that are neither reddened by dust in the optical and UV nor obscured by gas in the X-rays, and whose X-ray fluxes are free from flux-limit-related biases. After checking for any possible systematics, we confirm, in agreement with our previous works, that the X-ray to UV relation provides distance estimates matching those from supernovae up to z ∼ 1.5, and its slope shows no redshift evolution up to z ∼ 5. We provide a full description of the methodology for testing cosmological models, further supporting a trend whereby the Hubble diagram of quasars is well reproduced by the standard flat cold dark matter model up to z ∼ 1.5-2, but strong deviations emerge at higher redshifts. Since we have minimised all non-negligible systematic effects and proven the stability of the LX - LUV relation at high redshifts, we conclude that an evolution of the expansion rate of the Universe should be considered as a possible explanation for the observed deviation, rather than some systematic (redshift-dependent) effect associated with high-redshift quasars.
2020
642
A150
0
Lusso E.; Risaliti G.; Nardini E.; Bargiacchi G.; Benetti M.; Bisogni S.; Capozziello S.; Civano F.; Eggleston L.; Elvis M.; Fabbiano G.; Gilli R.; Marconi A.; Paolillo M.; Piedipalumbo E.; Salvestrini F.; Signorini M.; Vignali C.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1220008
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