Multi-detection (MD) systems are characterized by multiple observation modes (OMs) and hence simultaneously produce multiple measurements for each target. The key challenge in exploiting MD systems for multi-target tracking (MTT), compared to single-detection (SD) systems, is the significant amount of extra computational burden involved in order to solve the resulting multi-dimensional assignment problem among measurements, targets and OMs. This paper presents a novel computationally efficient MTT framework for MD systems, wherein the multitarget state is modeled as a random finite set (RFS), and a bank of OM-dependent MTT RFS filters with SD model are employed to recursively provide OM-dependent posteriors. The latter, which contain both real and false targets, are then suitably fused so as to enhance consensus on the true targets while weakening trust on the existence of the false ones. In this way, the computational complexity is significantly reduced compared to existing MTT algorithms with MD model. Two representative RFS filters, i.e. unlabeled probability hypothesis density (PHD) and labeled multi- Bernoulli (LMB), are considered in the proposed framework and the computational complexity of the resulting MD MTT algorithms is analysed. Performance of the proposed approach is assessed by simulation experiments in both over-the-horizonradar (OTHR) and single-frequency-network passive radar (SFNPR) MTT applications.
Fusion-based multi-detection multi-target tracking with random finite sets / Gao L.; Battistelli G.; Chisci L.; Farina A.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AEROSPACE AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0018-9251. - ELETTRONICO. - 57:(2021), pp. 2438-2458. [10.1109/TAES.2021.3059093]