Background: In recent years, body image research has focused on the aspects of positive body image (Smolak & Cash, 2011). This represents an important change in this area from a primary focus on negative body image to a comprehensive exploration of the body image concept. Aims: Validation of measures to help understand the positive and healthy characteristics of body image is therefore particularly important. The Body Compassion Scale (BCS; Altman, Linfield, et al., 2017) is a self-report scale aimed at measuring how compassionate one feels toward one’s own body. This study is a validation of BCS to confirm its factor structure and to assess its reliability and validity. Method: The 23-item scale was translated into Italian and presented to a sample of 695 Italian women. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to examine the factor structure of the Italian version of the BCS. Results: Results were largely comparable to those obtained for the original English version of the BCS. The three-factor structure was largely replicated and expected associations with body dissatisfaction, psychological inflexibility, and psychological well-being were found. Limitations: BCS reliability was assessed only in terms of internal consistency; a longitudinal research design could be useful to assess the test-retest reliability. It would also be important for future research to study body compassion in different populations. Conclusion: This scale could be a useful measure for structured psychological interventions aimed at promoting a positive body image, but also in empirical research to obtain information on how individuals relate to their bodies.

Body Compassion Scale: A Validation Study in the Italian Context / Giulia Rosa Policardo, Amanda Nerini, Cristian Di Gesto, Camilla Matera. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 2512-8442. - ELETTRONICO. - 0:(2021), pp. 1-11. [10.1027/2512-8442/a000088]

Body Compassion Scale: A Validation Study in the Italian Context.

Giulia Rosa Policardo
;
Amanda Nerini;Cristian Di Gesto;Camilla Matera
2021

Abstract

Background: In recent years, body image research has focused on the aspects of positive body image (Smolak & Cash, 2011). This represents an important change in this area from a primary focus on negative body image to a comprehensive exploration of the body image concept. Aims: Validation of measures to help understand the positive and healthy characteristics of body image is therefore particularly important. The Body Compassion Scale (BCS; Altman, Linfield, et al., 2017) is a self-report scale aimed at measuring how compassionate one feels toward one’s own body. This study is a validation of BCS to confirm its factor structure and to assess its reliability and validity. Method: The 23-item scale was translated into Italian and presented to a sample of 695 Italian women. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed to examine the factor structure of the Italian version of the BCS. Results: Results were largely comparable to those obtained for the original English version of the BCS. The three-factor structure was largely replicated and expected associations with body dissatisfaction, psychological inflexibility, and psychological well-being were found. Limitations: BCS reliability was assessed only in terms of internal consistency; a longitudinal research design could be useful to assess the test-retest reliability. It would also be important for future research to study body compassion in different populations. Conclusion: This scale could be a useful measure for structured psychological interventions aimed at promoting a positive body image, but also in empirical research to obtain information on how individuals relate to their bodies.
2021
0
1
11
Giulia Rosa Policardo, Amanda Nerini, Cristian Di Gesto, Camilla Matera
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1240417
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