This study aimed to investigate interpopulation variation due to sex, breed and age, and the intrapopulation variation in the form of genetic variance for recombination in swine. Genome-wide recombination rate and recombination occurrences (RO) were traits studied in Landrace (LR) and Large White (LW) male and female popula- tions. Differences were found for sex, breed, sex-breed interaction, and age effects for genome-wide recombination rate and RO at one or more chromosomes. Dams were found to have a higher genome-wide recombination rate and RO at all chro- mosomes than sires. LW animals had higher genome-wide recombination rate and RO at seven chromosomes but lower at two chromosomes than LR individuals. The sex-breed interaction effect did not show any pattern not already observable by sex. Recombination increased with increasing parity in females, while in males no ef- fect of age was observed. We estimated heritabilities and repeatabilities for both investigated traits and obtained the genetic correlation between male and female genome-wide recombination rate within each of the two breeds studied. Estimates of heritability and repeatability were low (h2 = 0.01–0.26; r = 0.18–0.42) for both traits in all populations. Genetic correlations were high and positive, with estimates of 0.98 and 0.94 for the LR and LW breeds, respectively. We performed a GWAS for genome-wide recombination rate independently in the four sex/breed populations. The results of the GWAS were inconsistent across the four populations with different significant genomic regions identified. The results of this study provide evidence of variability for recombination in purebred swine populations.

Evidence for recombination variability in purebred swine populations / Lozada-Soto E, Maltecca Christian, Wackel Hanna, Flowers W, Gray Kent, He Yuqing, Huang YiJian, Jiang Jicai, Tiezzi Francesco. - In: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL BREEDING AND GENETICS. - ISSN 0931-2668. - ELETTRONICO. - 138:(2020), pp. 259-273. [10.1111/jbg.12510]

Evidence for recombination variability in purebred swine populations

Tiezzi Francesco
2020

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate interpopulation variation due to sex, breed and age, and the intrapopulation variation in the form of genetic variance for recombination in swine. Genome-wide recombination rate and recombination occurrences (RO) were traits studied in Landrace (LR) and Large White (LW) male and female popula- tions. Differences were found for sex, breed, sex-breed interaction, and age effects for genome-wide recombination rate and RO at one or more chromosomes. Dams were found to have a higher genome-wide recombination rate and RO at all chro- mosomes than sires. LW animals had higher genome-wide recombination rate and RO at seven chromosomes but lower at two chromosomes than LR individuals. The sex-breed interaction effect did not show any pattern not already observable by sex. Recombination increased with increasing parity in females, while in males no ef- fect of age was observed. We estimated heritabilities and repeatabilities for both investigated traits and obtained the genetic correlation between male and female genome-wide recombination rate within each of the two breeds studied. Estimates of heritability and repeatability were low (h2 = 0.01–0.26; r = 0.18–0.42) for both traits in all populations. Genetic correlations were high and positive, with estimates of 0.98 and 0.94 for the LR and LW breeds, respectively. We performed a GWAS for genome-wide recombination rate independently in the four sex/breed populations. The results of the GWAS were inconsistent across the four populations with different significant genomic regions identified. The results of this study provide evidence of variability for recombination in purebred swine populations.
2020
138
259
273
Lozada-Soto E, Maltecca Christian, Wackel Hanna, Flowers W, Gray Kent, He Yuqing, Huang YiJian, Jiang Jicai, Tiezzi Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1258645
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