The interaction between the cell membrane and misfolded protein species plays a crucial role in the development of neurodegeneration. This study was designed to clarify the relationship between plasma membrane composition in terms of the differently linked sialic acid (Sia) content and cell susceptibility to toxic and misfolded Aβ-42 peptides. The sialylation status in different cell lines was investigated by lectin histochemistry and confocal immunofluorescence and then correlated with the different propensities to bind amyloid fibrils and with the relative cell susceptibility to amyloid damage. This study reveals that expressions of Sias α2,3 and α2,6 linked to galactose/N-acetyl-galactosamine, and PolySia are positively correlated with Aβ-42-induced cell toxicity. PolySia shows an early strong interaction with amyloid fibrils, favoring their binding to GM1 ganglioside containing α2,3 galactose-linked Sia and a loss of cell viability. Our findings demonstrate that cell lines with a prevailing plastic neuron-like phenotype and high monoSia and PolySia contents are highly susceptible to amyloid Aβ-42 toxicity. This toxicity may involve a change in neuron metabolism and promote a compensative/protective increase in PolySia, which, in turn, could favor amyloid binding to GM1, thus exacerbating cell dysmetabolism and further amyloid aggregation.

Correlation between Sialylation Status and Cell Susceptibility to Amyloid Toxicity / Sgambati Eleonora; Tani Alessia; Leri Manuela; Delfino Giovanni; Zecchi-Orlandini Sandra; Bucciantini Monica; Nosi Daniele. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - ELETTRONICO. - (2022), pp. 0-0. [10.3390/cells11040601]

Correlation between Sialylation Status and Cell Susceptibility to Amyloid Toxicity

Sgambati Eleonora;Tani Alessia;Leri Manuela;Delfino Giovanni;Zecchi-Orlandini Sandra;Bucciantini Monica;Nosi Daniele
2022

Abstract

The interaction between the cell membrane and misfolded protein species plays a crucial role in the development of neurodegeneration. This study was designed to clarify the relationship between plasma membrane composition in terms of the differently linked sialic acid (Sia) content and cell susceptibility to toxic and misfolded Aβ-42 peptides. The sialylation status in different cell lines was investigated by lectin histochemistry and confocal immunofluorescence and then correlated with the different propensities to bind amyloid fibrils and with the relative cell susceptibility to amyloid damage. This study reveals that expressions of Sias α2,3 and α2,6 linked to galactose/N-acetyl-galactosamine, and PolySia are positively correlated with Aβ-42-induced cell toxicity. PolySia shows an early strong interaction with amyloid fibrils, favoring their binding to GM1 ganglioside containing α2,3 galactose-linked Sia and a loss of cell viability. Our findings demonstrate that cell lines with a prevailing plastic neuron-like phenotype and high monoSia and PolySia contents are highly susceptible to amyloid Aβ-42 toxicity. This toxicity may involve a change in neuron metabolism and promote a compensative/protective increase in PolySia, which, in turn, could favor amyloid binding to GM1, thus exacerbating cell dysmetabolism and further amyloid aggregation.
2022
0
0
Sgambati Eleonora; Tani Alessia; Leri Manuela; Delfino Giovanni; Zecchi-Orlandini Sandra; Bucciantini Monica; Nosi Daniele
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1261906
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