The transformation towards a climate-neutral civil aviation is providing significant business opportunities to the aero engine market players. To meet this target and keep competitiveness, however, groundbreaking solutions must be introduced at the product’s level in the shortest possible time. Industry lead-ers are increasingly embracing lean and digital approaches for this purpose, by applying these concepts at all company’s levels. Considerable room for im-provements can be identified in the development of complex components as, for instance, the combustor. Due to the complexity of phenomena taking place and interacting into it, there are conflicting functional requirements defined over different physical domains. This leads to a design approach that must be both multidisciplinary and multi-objective, in which the need for supporting know-how and product expertise arises with extensive and structured studies of the design space arises. Nowadays, simulation-based methodologies repre-sent a standard in evaluating multiple configurations of the system, although it may lead to heterogeneous models interacting with each other, sharing miscel-laneous information within the process. In this context, taking advantage of in-tegrated design systems has been proven to be beneficial in standardizing the simulation processes while embedding design’s best practices. The subject matter of this work is the Combustor Design System Integra-tion (DSI), an integrated methodology aimed at easing and streamlining the preliminary design phase of aero engine combustors. Its concept will be de-scribed in the first part, where the automation of low value-added tasks will be introduced together with four custom integrated tools. It is composed of a CAD generation system, a RANS-based CFD suite for reactive flow calculations, a boundary-conditions processor for 3D thermal FEA and a FE structural envi-ronment for stress and displacement estimation. Particular importance is given to the definition of cooling and quenching systems on combustor’s liners, since their prominent impact on aero-thermal and durability performance. Therefore, specific features for a detailed topological management of holes are presented in this work, providing advance patterning and arrangement capabilities which are not addressed in other design systems. Finally, it will be possible to prove the reduction of lead time for analysis, as well as the enhancement of the overall process robustness. The NEWAC combustor, a lean-burn concept developed in the context of the homonymous European research project, will be exploited as a case allowing, moreover, an assessment of the DSI modelling approach. In the second part will be presented a dedicated framework for multi-objective design optimization, comprising the DSI tools for CAD generation and CFD analysis. A fully automated and water-tight process is here implemented in order to ad-dress the combustor’s problem of dilution mixing, aimed at optimizing the temperature profiles and the emission levels at its outlet. This approach will leverage on advanced neural network algorithms for improving the overall de-sign workflow, so to ensure that the optimal combustor configuration is de-fined as a function of the product’s Critical-To-Quality. The results of the opti-mization will be shown for a rich-quench-lean combustor concept intentionally designed to support this activity, referred as to LEM-RQL. The general intention of this work, in the end, is to demonstrate how in-tegrated design systems embedded in optimization frameworks could repre-sent both a strategic asset for industry players and a relevant topic for academ-ics. Given the pervasive integration-and-automation of the process, the general-ity in processing multiple design layouts and the possibility to accommodate increasingly advanced and sophisticated optimization algorithms, the DSI pro-cedure configure itself as an ideal platform within the technology maturation process, thus enabling not only the improvement of in-service components but also the development of next-generation combustor products.

Design system integration for multi-objective optimization of aero engine combustors / Carlo Alberto Elmi. - (2022).

Design system integration for multi-objective optimization of aero engine combustors

Carlo Alberto Elmi
2022

Abstract

The transformation towards a climate-neutral civil aviation is providing significant business opportunities to the aero engine market players. To meet this target and keep competitiveness, however, groundbreaking solutions must be introduced at the product’s level in the shortest possible time. Industry lead-ers are increasingly embracing lean and digital approaches for this purpose, by applying these concepts at all company’s levels. Considerable room for im-provements can be identified in the development of complex components as, for instance, the combustor. Due to the complexity of phenomena taking place and interacting into it, there are conflicting functional requirements defined over different physical domains. This leads to a design approach that must be both multidisciplinary and multi-objective, in which the need for supporting know-how and product expertise arises with extensive and structured studies of the design space arises. Nowadays, simulation-based methodologies repre-sent a standard in evaluating multiple configurations of the system, although it may lead to heterogeneous models interacting with each other, sharing miscel-laneous information within the process. In this context, taking advantage of in-tegrated design systems has been proven to be beneficial in standardizing the simulation processes while embedding design’s best practices. The subject matter of this work is the Combustor Design System Integra-tion (DSI), an integrated methodology aimed at easing and streamlining the preliminary design phase of aero engine combustors. Its concept will be de-scribed in the first part, where the automation of low value-added tasks will be introduced together with four custom integrated tools. It is composed of a CAD generation system, a RANS-based CFD suite for reactive flow calculations, a boundary-conditions processor for 3D thermal FEA and a FE structural envi-ronment for stress and displacement estimation. Particular importance is given to the definition of cooling and quenching systems on combustor’s liners, since their prominent impact on aero-thermal and durability performance. Therefore, specific features for a detailed topological management of holes are presented in this work, providing advance patterning and arrangement capabilities which are not addressed in other design systems. Finally, it will be possible to prove the reduction of lead time for analysis, as well as the enhancement of the overall process robustness. The NEWAC combustor, a lean-burn concept developed in the context of the homonymous European research project, will be exploited as a case allowing, moreover, an assessment of the DSI modelling approach. In the second part will be presented a dedicated framework for multi-objective design optimization, comprising the DSI tools for CAD generation and CFD analysis. A fully automated and water-tight process is here implemented in order to ad-dress the combustor’s problem of dilution mixing, aimed at optimizing the temperature profiles and the emission levels at its outlet. This approach will leverage on advanced neural network algorithms for improving the overall de-sign workflow, so to ensure that the optimal combustor configuration is de-fined as a function of the product’s Critical-To-Quality. The results of the opti-mization will be shown for a rich-quench-lean combustor concept intentionally designed to support this activity, referred as to LEM-RQL. The general intention of this work, in the end, is to demonstrate how in-tegrated design systems embedded in optimization frameworks could repre-sent both a strategic asset for industry players and a relevant topic for academ-ics. Given the pervasive integration-and-automation of the process, the general-ity in processing multiple design layouts and the possibility to accommodate increasingly advanced and sophisticated optimization algorithms, the DSI pro-cedure configure itself as an ideal platform within the technology maturation process, thus enabling not only the improvement of in-service components but also the development of next-generation combustor products.
Bruno Facchini, Antonio Andreini
ITALIA
Carlo Alberto Elmi
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Final_CAElmi-PhD_Thesis.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Tesi di dottorato
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 7.46 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.46 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1276939
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact