We analyse some open debates in cosmology in light of the most updated quasar (QSO) sample, covering a wide redshift range up to z ~ 7.5, combined with type Ia supernovae (SNe) and baryon acoustic oscillations (BAOs). Indeed, extending the cosmological analyses with high-redshift data is key to distinguishing between different cosmological models that are degenerate at low redshifts, and allowing better constraints on a possible dark energy (DE) evolution. Also, we discuss combinations of BAO, SNe, and QSO data to understand their compatibility and implications for extensions of the standard cosmological model. Specifically, we consider a flat and non-flat ΛCDM cosmology, a flat and non-flat DE model with a constant DE equation of state parameter (w), and four flat DE models with variable w, namely the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder and Jassal-Bagla-Padmanabhan models, and an 'exponential', and Barboza-Alcaniz parametrizations. We find that a joint analysis of QSO+SNe with BAO is only possible in the context of a flat Universe. Indeed BAO confirms the flatness condition assuming a curved geometry, whilst SNe + QSO show evidence of a closed space. We also find ΩM,0 = 0.3 in all data sets assuming a flat ΛCDM model. Yet, all the other models show a statistically significant deviation at 2-3 σ with the combined SNe + SO + BAO data set. In the models where DE density evolves with time, SNe + QSO + BAO data always prefer ΩM,0 > 0.3, w0 < -1 and wa > 0. This DE phantom behaviour is mainly driven by SNe + QSO, while BAO are closer to the flat ΛCDM model.

Quasar cosmology: dark energy evolution and spatial curvature / Bargiacchi, G; Benetti, M; Capozziello, S; Lusso, E; Risaliti, G; Signorini, M. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - ELETTRONICO. - 515:(2022), pp. 1795-1806. [10.1093/mnras/stac1941]

Quasar cosmology: dark energy evolution and spatial curvature

Bargiacchi, G;Lusso, E;Risaliti, G;Signorini, M
2022

Abstract

We analyse some open debates in cosmology in light of the most updated quasar (QSO) sample, covering a wide redshift range up to z ~ 7.5, combined with type Ia supernovae (SNe) and baryon acoustic oscillations (BAOs). Indeed, extending the cosmological analyses with high-redshift data is key to distinguishing between different cosmological models that are degenerate at low redshifts, and allowing better constraints on a possible dark energy (DE) evolution. Also, we discuss combinations of BAO, SNe, and QSO data to understand their compatibility and implications for extensions of the standard cosmological model. Specifically, we consider a flat and non-flat ΛCDM cosmology, a flat and non-flat DE model with a constant DE equation of state parameter (w), and four flat DE models with variable w, namely the Chevallier-Polarski-Linder and Jassal-Bagla-Padmanabhan models, and an 'exponential', and Barboza-Alcaniz parametrizations. We find that a joint analysis of QSO+SNe with BAO is only possible in the context of a flat Universe. Indeed BAO confirms the flatness condition assuming a curved geometry, whilst SNe + QSO show evidence of a closed space. We also find ΩM,0 = 0.3 in all data sets assuming a flat ΛCDM model. Yet, all the other models show a statistically significant deviation at 2-3 σ with the combined SNe + SO + BAO data set. In the models where DE density evolves with time, SNe + QSO + BAO data always prefer ΩM,0 > 0.3, w0 < -1 and wa > 0. This DE phantom behaviour is mainly driven by SNe + QSO, while BAO are closer to the flat ΛCDM model.
515
1795
1806
Bargiacchi, G; Benetti, M; Capozziello, S; Lusso, E; Risaliti, G; Signorini, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2158/1279687
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