An innovative protocol for the consolidation of ancient bone remains based on the use of nanometric HydroxyAPatite (HAP) was set up and tested through a multidisciplinary approach. A new protocol for the synthesis of HAP nanoparticles was developed, and the composition of the obtained nanomaterial was investigated through Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD); sizes, shape and morphology of the synthesized particles were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The consolidation performance was evaluated by testing the new nanomaterial on degraded ancient bone findings. An increase of the mineral density and of the micro-hardness of the bone were observed. The new consolidation method was also tested to assess possible effects on the palaeogenetic analysis and radiocarbon dating on the treated bones. The consolidation treatment does not introduce any contaminations that could affect radiocarbon dating and has no general detrimental impact on the genetic characterization of the skeletal remains. This consolidation procedure represents a more compatible conservation tool with respect to traditional procedures: it has been shown that the treatment is effective, easily-applicable and compatible with post-consolidation analysis.

Performance of innovative nanomaterials for bone remains consolidation and effect on 14C dating and on palaeogenetic analysis / Porpora, Francesca; Zaro, Valentina; Liccioli, Lucia; Modi, Alessandra; Meoli, Arianna; Marradi, Giulia; Barone, Serena; Vai, Stefania; Dei, Luigi; Caramelli, David; Fedi, Mariaelena; Lari, Martina; Carretti, Emiliano. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2022), pp. 0-0. [10.1038/s41598-022-10798-5]

Performance of innovative nanomaterials for bone remains consolidation and effect on 14C dating and on palaeogenetic analysis

Porpora, Francesca;Zaro, Valentina;Liccioli, Lucia;Meoli, Arianna;Marradi, Giulia;Barone, Serena;Vai, Stefania;Dei, Luigi;Caramelli, David;Fedi, Mariaelena;Lari, Martina;Carretti, Emiliano
2022

Abstract

An innovative protocol for the consolidation of ancient bone remains based on the use of nanometric HydroxyAPatite (HAP) was set up and tested through a multidisciplinary approach. A new protocol for the synthesis of HAP nanoparticles was developed, and the composition of the obtained nanomaterial was investigated through Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD); sizes, shape and morphology of the synthesized particles were studied by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The consolidation performance was evaluated by testing the new nanomaterial on degraded ancient bone findings. An increase of the mineral density and of the micro-hardness of the bone were observed. The new consolidation method was also tested to assess possible effects on the palaeogenetic analysis and radiocarbon dating on the treated bones. The consolidation treatment does not introduce any contaminations that could affect radiocarbon dating and has no general detrimental impact on the genetic characterization of the skeletal remains. This consolidation procedure represents a more compatible conservation tool with respect to traditional procedures: it has been shown that the treatment is effective, easily-applicable and compatible with post-consolidation analysis.
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Porpora, Francesca; Zaro, Valentina; Liccioli, Lucia; Modi, Alessandra; Meoli, Arianna; Marradi, Giulia; Barone, Serena; Vai, Stefania; Dei, Luigi; Caramelli, David; Fedi, Mariaelena; Lari, Martina; Carretti, Emiliano
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1280084
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