The COVID-19 pandemic significantly influenced people’s lives, with non-negligible con- sequences for the perception of well-being. This study sought to examine the effect of anxiety, post-traumatic impairment, and mature defenses on life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. One thousand three hundred thirty-nine Italian individuals (30% male; 70% female; Mage = 34.70; SD = 11.83) completed an online survey enclosing the Satisfaction with Life Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory—Form X3, Impact of event scale—revised, and the Forty Item Defense Style Questionnaire. To test the hypothesized relationship, data were analyzed by applying a moderated-mediation analysis, a regression-based approach. Results showed that the negative effect of anxiety on life satisfaction was partially mediated by post-traumatic impairment, with a significant moderation effect of mature defenses on the relationship between post-traumatic impairment and life satisfaction. Specifically, with higher levels of mature defenses, the effects of post-traumatic impairment on consequences of the COVID-19 emergency on well-being. Furthermore, the protective role of mature defenses in facing post-traumatic impairment was shown. Such data may have applicative implications in different contexts in a management perspective of the different pandemic phases, contributing to more effective positive strength-based preventive actions to also support positive healthy organizations.

The protective role of mature defense mechanisms on satisfaction with life in the COVID-19 era: A moderated mediation analysis / Alessio Gori, Eleonora Topino, Alessandro Musetti, Marco Giannini, Rosapia Lauro Grotto, Andrea Svicher, Annamaria Di Fabio. - In: BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-328X. - ELETTRONICO. - 12:(2022), pp. 290.0-290.0. [10.3390/bs12080290]

The protective role of mature defense mechanisms on satisfaction with life in the COVID-19 era: A moderated mediation analysis

Alessio Gori
;
Marco Giannini;Rosapia Lauro Grotto;Andrea Svicher;Annamaria Di Fabio
2022

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic significantly influenced people’s lives, with non-negligible con- sequences for the perception of well-being. This study sought to examine the effect of anxiety, post-traumatic impairment, and mature defenses on life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. One thousand three hundred thirty-nine Italian individuals (30% male; 70% female; Mage = 34.70; SD = 11.83) completed an online survey enclosing the Satisfaction with Life Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory—Form X3, Impact of event scale—revised, and the Forty Item Defense Style Questionnaire. To test the hypothesized relationship, data were analyzed by applying a moderated-mediation analysis, a regression-based approach. Results showed that the negative effect of anxiety on life satisfaction was partially mediated by post-traumatic impairment, with a significant moderation effect of mature defenses on the relationship between post-traumatic impairment and life satisfaction. Specifically, with higher levels of mature defenses, the effects of post-traumatic impairment on consequences of the COVID-19 emergency on well-being. Furthermore, the protective role of mature defenses in facing post-traumatic impairment was shown. Such data may have applicative implications in different contexts in a management perspective of the different pandemic phases, contributing to more effective positive strength-based preventive actions to also support positive healthy organizations.
2022
12
0
0
Goal 3: Good health and well-being
Alessio Gori, Eleonora Topino, Alessandro Musetti, Marco Giannini, Rosapia Lauro Grotto, Andrea Svicher, Annamaria Di Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1284637
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