Background and purpose During the COVID-19 pandemic, myasthenia gravis (MG) patients have been identified as subjects at high risk of developing severe COVID-19, and thus were offered vaccination with priority. The lack of direct data on the safety and tolerability of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in MG have contributed to vaccine hesitancy. To address this issue, the safety and tolerability of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines were assessed in a large cohort of MG patients from two referral centers. Methods Patients with confirmed MG diagnosis, consecutively seen between October and December 2021 at two MG centers, were enrolled. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and information regarding SARS-CoV-2 infection/vaccination were extracted from medical reports and/or collected throughout telephonic or in-person interviews. Results Ninety-eight (94.2%) of 104 patients included were administered at least two vaccine doses 4 weeks before the interview or earlier, and among them, 63 of 98 (64.2%) have already received the "booster" dose. The most frequently used vaccines were BNT162b2-Pfizer-BioNTech and mRNA-1273-Moderna. Overall, only minor side effects were reported, most commonly local pain and fever. MG worsening after vaccination was observed in eight of 104 (7.7%) cases. The frequency of worsening among muscle-specific tyrosine kinase MG cases (3/9, 33.3%) was significantly higher compared to other serological subgroups. Spontaneous symptom regression was observed in six of eight cases. Twelve of 104 (11.5%) patients had SARS-CoV-2 infection, and none of the SARS-CoV-2-infected MG patients worsened after vaccination. Conclusions Our data support the safety and tolerability of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, which should be strongly recommended in MG patients, who could be at higher risk of complications if exposed to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Safety and tolerability of SARS-Cov-2 vaccination in patients with myasthenia gravis: A multicenter experience / Antonio Farina; Silvia Falso; Sara Cornacchini; Gregorio Spagni; Gabriele Monte; Alice Mariottini; Luca Massacesi; Alessandro Barilaro; Amelia Evoli; Valentina Damato. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - ELETTRONICO. - 29:(2022), pp. 2505-2510. [10.1111/ene.15348]

Safety and tolerability of SARS-Cov-2 vaccination in patients with myasthenia gravis: A multicenter experience

Antonio Farina
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Sara Cornacchini
Investigation
;
Alice Mariottini
Methodology
;
Luca Massacesi
Funding Acquisition
;
Alessandro Barilaro
Investigation
;
Valentina Damato
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Background and purpose During the COVID-19 pandemic, myasthenia gravis (MG) patients have been identified as subjects at high risk of developing severe COVID-19, and thus were offered vaccination with priority. The lack of direct data on the safety and tolerability of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in MG have contributed to vaccine hesitancy. To address this issue, the safety and tolerability of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines were assessed in a large cohort of MG patients from two referral centers. Methods Patients with confirmed MG diagnosis, consecutively seen between October and December 2021 at two MG centers, were enrolled. Demographics, clinical characteristics, and information regarding SARS-CoV-2 infection/vaccination were extracted from medical reports and/or collected throughout telephonic or in-person interviews. Results Ninety-eight (94.2%) of 104 patients included were administered at least two vaccine doses 4 weeks before the interview or earlier, and among them, 63 of 98 (64.2%) have already received the "booster" dose. The most frequently used vaccines were BNT162b2-Pfizer-BioNTech and mRNA-1273-Moderna. Overall, only minor side effects were reported, most commonly local pain and fever. MG worsening after vaccination was observed in eight of 104 (7.7%) cases. The frequency of worsening among muscle-specific tyrosine kinase MG cases (3/9, 33.3%) was significantly higher compared to other serological subgroups. Spontaneous symptom regression was observed in six of eight cases. Twelve of 104 (11.5%) patients had SARS-CoV-2 infection, and none of the SARS-CoV-2-infected MG patients worsened after vaccination. Conclusions Our data support the safety and tolerability of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, which should be strongly recommended in MG patients, who could be at higher risk of complications if exposed to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
29
2505
2510
Antonio Farina; Silvia Falso; Sara Cornacchini; Gregorio Spagni; Gabriele Monte; Alice Mariottini; Luca Massacesi; Alessandro Barilaro; Amelia Evoli; Valentina Damato
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1285526
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