We present a comparison of the nitrogen-to-oxygen ratio (N/O) in 37 high-redshift galaxies at z similar to 2 taken from the KMOS Lensed Emission Lines and VElocity Review (KLEVER) Survey with a comparison sample of local galaxies, taken from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The KLEVER sample shows only a mild enrichment in N/O of +0.1 dex when compared to local galaxies at a given gas-phase metallicity (O/H), but shows a depletion in N/O of -0.35 dex when compared at a fixed stellar mass (M-*). We find a strong anticorrelation in local galaxies between N/O and SFR in the M-*-N/O plane, similar to the anticorrelation between O/H and SFR found in the mass-metallicity relation (MZR). We use this anticorrelation to construct a fundamental nitrogen relation (FNR), analogous to the fundamental metallicity relation (FMR). We find that KLEVER galaxies are consistent with both the FMR and the FNR. This suggests that the depletion of N/O in high-z galaxies when considered at a fixed M-* is driven by the redshift evolution of the mass-metallicity relation in combination with a near redshift-invariant N/O-O/H relation. Furthermore, the existence of an fundamental nitrogen relation suggests that the mechanisms governing the fundamental metallicity relation must be probed by not only O/H, but also N/O, suggesting pure-pristine gas inflows are not the primary driver of the FMR, and other properties such as variations in galaxy age and star formation efficiency must be important.

The KLEVER survey: Nitrogen abundances at z~2 and probing the existence of a fundamental nitrogen relation / Connor Hayden-Pawson; Mirko Curti; Roberto Maiolino; Michele Cirasuolo; Francesco Belfiore; Michele Cappellari; Alice Concas; Giovanni Cresci; Fergus Cullen; Chiaki Kobayashi; Filippo Mannucci; Alessandro Marconi; Massimo Meneghetti; Amata Mercurio; Yingjie Peng; Mark Swinbank; Fiorenzo Vincenzo. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - ELETTRONICO. - 512:(2022), pp. 2867-2889. [10.1093/mnras/stac584]

The KLEVER survey: Nitrogen abundances at z~2 and probing the existence of a fundamental nitrogen relation

Mirko Curti;Roberto Maiolino;Alice Concas;Giovanni Cresci;Filippo Mannucci;Alessandro Marconi;
2022

Abstract

We present a comparison of the nitrogen-to-oxygen ratio (N/O) in 37 high-redshift galaxies at z similar to 2 taken from the KMOS Lensed Emission Lines and VElocity Review (KLEVER) Survey with a comparison sample of local galaxies, taken from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The KLEVER sample shows only a mild enrichment in N/O of +0.1 dex when compared to local galaxies at a given gas-phase metallicity (O/H), but shows a depletion in N/O of -0.35 dex when compared at a fixed stellar mass (M-*). We find a strong anticorrelation in local galaxies between N/O and SFR in the M-*-N/O plane, similar to the anticorrelation between O/H and SFR found in the mass-metallicity relation (MZR). We use this anticorrelation to construct a fundamental nitrogen relation (FNR), analogous to the fundamental metallicity relation (FMR). We find that KLEVER galaxies are consistent with both the FMR and the FNR. This suggests that the depletion of N/O in high-z galaxies when considered at a fixed M-* is driven by the redshift evolution of the mass-metallicity relation in combination with a near redshift-invariant N/O-O/H relation. Furthermore, the existence of an fundamental nitrogen relation suggests that the mechanisms governing the fundamental metallicity relation must be probed by not only O/H, but also N/O, suggesting pure-pristine gas inflows are not the primary driver of the FMR, and other properties such as variations in galaxy age and star formation efficiency must be important.
512
2867
2889
Connor Hayden-Pawson; Mirko Curti; Roberto Maiolino; Michele Cirasuolo; Francesco Belfiore; Michele Cappellari; Alice Concas; Giovanni Cresci; Fergus Cullen; Chiaki Kobayashi; Filippo Mannucci; Alessandro Marconi; Massimo Meneghetti; Amata Mercurio; Yingjie Peng; Mark Swinbank; Fiorenzo Vincenzo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1286125
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