Partial nephrectomy (PN) may be recommended for selected patients with advanced-stage (>cT2) renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with the aim of avoiding dialysis and chronic kidney disease-related comorbidities. The spread of robotic surgery has led to expansion of PN indications to more challenging scenarios and even fron-tier surgeries, including advanced-stage RCC. Here we describe the management of a patient with a solitary kidney diagnosed with multiple cT3a (renal vein throm-bus) RCC who was treated using a conservative robotic approach. The most crucial surgical considerations for this procedure were: (1) tailored planning of the surgi-cal approach using three-dimensional reconstruction software; (2) accurate bound-ary delineation for the tumors and thrombus; (3) avoiding unnecessary warm ischemia time; (4) performing an anatomical excision to follow eventual tumor bulging; and (5) en bloc removal of the main lesion and its thrombus. No perioper-ative complications were recorded. Histopathology revealed clear cell RCC for all four lesions with nucleolar grade 3 and negative surgical margins. At 12-mo follow-up the patient was disease-free. When performed by an experienced sur-geon, PN plus venous thrombus excision for imperative cases with cT3 RCC may represent a valid treatment option with valuable oncological and functional out-comes.Patient summary: We describe the case of patient who had a single kidney with multiple kidney tumors and tumor extension into a blood vessel. The patient was treated with robot-assisted removal of the tumors, sparing as much kidney tissue as possible. This technique was found to be safe and effective, with no complica-tions and good intermediate-term results.(c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association of Urology. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy with En Bloc Removal of a Renal Vein Thrombus for Multiple cT3a Renal Cell Carcinoma Lesions / Grosso, Antonio Andrea; Marìn, Diego Marcos; Di Maida, Fabrizio; Gallo, Maria Lucia; Lambertini, Luca; Nardoni, Samuele; Mari, Andrea; Minervini, Andrea. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY OPEN SCIENCE. - ISSN 2666-1691. - ELETTRONICO. - 44:(2022), pp. 33-36. [10.1016/j.euros.2022.08.002]

Robotic Partial Nephrectomy with En Bloc Removal of a Renal Vein Thrombus for Multiple cT3a Renal Cell Carcinoma Lesions

Grosso, Antonio Andrea;Di Maida, Fabrizio;Gallo, Maria Lucia;Lambertini, Luca;Nardoni, Samuele;Mari, Andrea;Minervini, Andrea
2022

Abstract

Partial nephrectomy (PN) may be recommended for selected patients with advanced-stage (>cT2) renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with the aim of avoiding dialysis and chronic kidney disease-related comorbidities. The spread of robotic surgery has led to expansion of PN indications to more challenging scenarios and even fron-tier surgeries, including advanced-stage RCC. Here we describe the management of a patient with a solitary kidney diagnosed with multiple cT3a (renal vein throm-bus) RCC who was treated using a conservative robotic approach. The most crucial surgical considerations for this procedure were: (1) tailored planning of the surgi-cal approach using three-dimensional reconstruction software; (2) accurate bound-ary delineation for the tumors and thrombus; (3) avoiding unnecessary warm ischemia time; (4) performing an anatomical excision to follow eventual tumor bulging; and (5) en bloc removal of the main lesion and its thrombus. No perioper-ative complications were recorded. Histopathology revealed clear cell RCC for all four lesions with nucleolar grade 3 and negative surgical margins. At 12-mo follow-up the patient was disease-free. When performed by an experienced sur-geon, PN plus venous thrombus excision for imperative cases with cT3 RCC may represent a valid treatment option with valuable oncological and functional out-comes.Patient summary: We describe the case of patient who had a single kidney with multiple kidney tumors and tumor extension into a blood vessel. The patient was treated with robot-assisted removal of the tumors, sparing as much kidney tissue as possible. This technique was found to be safe and effective, with no complica-tions and good intermediate-term results.(c) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association of Urology. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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Grosso, Antonio Andrea; Marìn, Diego Marcos; Di Maida, Fabrizio; Gallo, Maria Lucia; Lambertini, Luca; Nardoni, Samuele; Mari, Andrea; Minervini, Andrea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1287277
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