We report the serendipitous discovery of a dust-obscured galaxy observed as part of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Large Program to INvestigate [C ii] at Early times (ALPINE). While this galaxy is detected both in line and continuum emissions in ALMA Band 7, it is completely dark in the observed optical/near-infrared bands and only shows a significant detection in the UltraVISTA Ks band. We discuss the nature of the observed ALMA line, that is [C ii] at z ∼4.6 or high-J CO transitions at z ∼2.2. In the first case, we find a [C ii]/FIR luminosity ratio of log(L-[C\rm small II]/L FIR) ∼-2.5, consistent with the average value for local star-forming galaxies (SFGs). In the second case instead, the source would lie at larger CO luminosities than those expected for local SFGs and high-z submillimetre galaxies. At both redshifts, we derive the star formation rate (SFR) from the ALMA continuum and the physical parameters of the galaxy, such as the stellar mass (M∗), by fitting its spectral energy distribution. Exploiting the results of this work, we believe that our source is a 'main-sequence', dusty SFG at z = 4.6 (i.e. [C ii] emitter) with log(SFR/M⊙ yr-1)∼ 1.4 and log(M∗/M·) ∼9.9. As a support to this scenario our galaxy, if at this redshift, lies in a massive protocluster recently discovered at z ∼4.57, at only ∼1 proper Mpc from its centre. This work underlines the crucial role of the ALPINE survey in making a census of this class of objects, in order to unveil their contribution to the global SFR density at the end of the Reionization epoch.

The ALPINE-ALMA [C II] Survey: On the nature of an extremely obscured serendipitous galaxy / Romano M.; Cassata P.; Morselli L.; Lemaux B.C.; Bethermin M.M.; Capak P.; Faisst A.; Le Fevre O.; Schaerer D.; Silverman J.; Yan L.; Bardelli S.; Boquien M.; Cimatti A.; Dessauges-Zavadsky M.; Enia A.; Fudamoto Y.; Fujimoto S.; Ginolfi M.; Gruppioni C.; Hathi N.P.; Ibar E.; Jones G.C.; Koekemoer A.M.; Loiacono F.; Mancini C.; Riechers D.A.; Rodighiero G.; Rodriguez-Munoz L.; Talia M.; Vallini L.; Vergani D.; Zamorani G.; Zucca E.. - In: MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0035-8711. - ELETTRONICO. - 496:(2020), pp. 0-0. [10.1093/mnras/staa1546]

The ALPINE-ALMA [C II] Survey: On the nature of an extremely obscured serendipitous galaxy

Ginolfi M.;
2020

Abstract

We report the serendipitous discovery of a dust-obscured galaxy observed as part of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) Large Program to INvestigate [C ii] at Early times (ALPINE). While this galaxy is detected both in line and continuum emissions in ALMA Band 7, it is completely dark in the observed optical/near-infrared bands and only shows a significant detection in the UltraVISTA Ks band. We discuss the nature of the observed ALMA line, that is [C ii] at z ∼4.6 or high-J CO transitions at z ∼2.2. In the first case, we find a [C ii]/FIR luminosity ratio of log(L-[C\rm small II]/L FIR) ∼-2.5, consistent with the average value for local star-forming galaxies (SFGs). In the second case instead, the source would lie at larger CO luminosities than those expected for local SFGs and high-z submillimetre galaxies. At both redshifts, we derive the star formation rate (SFR) from the ALMA continuum and the physical parameters of the galaxy, such as the stellar mass (M∗), by fitting its spectral energy distribution. Exploiting the results of this work, we believe that our source is a 'main-sequence', dusty SFG at z = 4.6 (i.e. [C ii] emitter) with log(SFR/M⊙ yr-1)∼ 1.4 and log(M∗/M·) ∼9.9. As a support to this scenario our galaxy, if at this redshift, lies in a massive protocluster recently discovered at z ∼4.57, at only ∼1 proper Mpc from its centre. This work underlines the crucial role of the ALPINE survey in making a census of this class of objects, in order to unveil their contribution to the global SFR density at the end of the Reionization epoch.
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0
Romano M.; Cassata P.; Morselli L.; Lemaux B.C.; Bethermin M.M.; Capak P.; Faisst A.; Le Fevre O.; Schaerer D.; Silverman J.; Yan L.; Bardelli S.; Boquien M.; Cimatti A.; Dessauges-Zavadsky M.; Enia A.; Fudamoto Y.; Fujimoto S.; Ginolfi M.; Gruppioni C.; Hathi N.P.; Ibar E.; Jones G.C.; Koekemoer A.M.; Loiacono F.; Mancini C.; Riechers D.A.; Rodighiero G.; Rodriguez-Munoz L.; Talia M.; Vallini L.; Vergani D.; Zamorani G.; Zucca E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1289343
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