Purpose: Determine whether NCX 470, a nitric oxide (NO)-donating bimatoprost with clinically demonstrated intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects, improves ocular hemodynamics and retinal physiology. Methods: Endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced ischemia/reperfusion model in New Zealand white rabbits was used. ET-1 was injected next to the optic nerve twice/week (Monday and Thursday) for 6 weeks. Starting on week 3, animals received NCX 470 (0.1% bid, 6 days/week Monday-Saturday) or vehicle until the end of ET-1 treatment. IOP, ophthalmic artery resistive index (OA-RI) and retina physiology (electroretinogram, ERG) were determined before dosing and at different times post-dosing. All measurements were taken on Mondays before the AM daily dosing (36 h treatment-free). Finally, oxidative stress markers were determined in dissected retina and iris/ciliary body of treated eyes. Results: Injection of ET-1 progressively increased IOP (20.7 ± 0.6, 24.9 ± 1.2, and 27.0 ± 0.6 mmHg at baseline, week 2 and 6, respectively) and OA-RI (0.30 ± 0.02, 0.39 ± 0.02, and 0.42 ± 0.03 at baseline, week 2 and 6, respectively) and reduced rods and/or cones response as indicated by changes in ERG amplitudes under different stimulating conditions. NCX 470 re-established baseline IOP (21.8 ± 1.0 mmHg), OA-RI (0.33 ± 0.02), and ERG amplitude by week 6 (mostly rod response, 0.01Dark_AVeh_6week = 32.2 ± 3.0 μV and 0.01Dark_ANCX470_6week 44.3 ± 4.5 μV; mostly cone response, 3.0Dark_AVeh_6week = 87.6 ± 10.1 μV and 3.0Dark_ANCX470_6week = 122.8 ± 11.4 μV; combined rod/cone response, 3.0Light_AVeh_6week = 49.8 ± 6.5 μV and 3.0Light_ANCX470_6week = 64.2 ± 6.8 μV). NCX 470 also reversed ET-1-induced changes in glutathione and manganese superoxide dismutase (oxidative stress markers) in retina and iris/ciliary body. Conclusions: Repeated ocular topical dosing with NCX 470 reverses ET-1-induced changes in IOP, OA-RI, and ERG suggesting improved ocular hemodynamics and retinal physiology likely independently from its demonstrated IOP-lowering effect.

NCX 470 Restores Ocular Hemodynamics and Retinal Cell Physiology After ET-1-Induced Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury of Optic Nerve and Retina in Rabbits / Elena Bastia; Silvia Sgambellone; Laura Lucarini; Gustavo Provensi; Stefania Brambilla; Corinna Galli; Nicoletta Almirante; Francesco Impagnatiello. - STAMPA. - 38:(2022), pp. 496-504. [10.1089/jop.2022.0004]

NCX 470 Restores Ocular Hemodynamics and Retinal Cell Physiology After ET-1-Induced Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury of Optic Nerve and Retina in Rabbits

Silvia Sgambellone;Laura Lucarini;Gustavo Provensi;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: Determine whether NCX 470, a nitric oxide (NO)-donating bimatoprost with clinically demonstrated intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering effects, improves ocular hemodynamics and retinal physiology. Methods: Endothelin-1 (ET-1)-induced ischemia/reperfusion model in New Zealand white rabbits was used. ET-1 was injected next to the optic nerve twice/week (Monday and Thursday) for 6 weeks. Starting on week 3, animals received NCX 470 (0.1% bid, 6 days/week Monday-Saturday) or vehicle until the end of ET-1 treatment. IOP, ophthalmic artery resistive index (OA-RI) and retina physiology (electroretinogram, ERG) were determined before dosing and at different times post-dosing. All measurements were taken on Mondays before the AM daily dosing (36 h treatment-free). Finally, oxidative stress markers were determined in dissected retina and iris/ciliary body of treated eyes. Results: Injection of ET-1 progressively increased IOP (20.7 ± 0.6, 24.9 ± 1.2, and 27.0 ± 0.6 mmHg at baseline, week 2 and 6, respectively) and OA-RI (0.30 ± 0.02, 0.39 ± 0.02, and 0.42 ± 0.03 at baseline, week 2 and 6, respectively) and reduced rods and/or cones response as indicated by changes in ERG amplitudes under different stimulating conditions. NCX 470 re-established baseline IOP (21.8 ± 1.0 mmHg), OA-RI (0.33 ± 0.02), and ERG amplitude by week 6 (mostly rod response, 0.01Dark_AVeh_6week = 32.2 ± 3.0 μV and 0.01Dark_ANCX470_6week 44.3 ± 4.5 μV; mostly cone response, 3.0Dark_AVeh_6week = 87.6 ± 10.1 μV and 3.0Dark_ANCX470_6week = 122.8 ± 11.4 μV; combined rod/cone response, 3.0Light_AVeh_6week = 49.8 ± 6.5 μV and 3.0Light_ANCX470_6week = 64.2 ± 6.8 μV). NCX 470 also reversed ET-1-induced changes in glutathione and manganese superoxide dismutase (oxidative stress markers) in retina and iris/ciliary body. Conclusions: Repeated ocular topical dosing with NCX 470 reverses ET-1-induced changes in IOP, OA-RI, and ERG suggesting improved ocular hemodynamics and retinal physiology likely independently from its demonstrated IOP-lowering effect.
38
496
504
Elena Bastia; Silvia Sgambellone; Laura Lucarini; Gustavo Provensi; Stefania Brambilla; Corinna Galli; Nicoletta Almirante; Francesco Impagnatiello
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1291037
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