Carbonic anhydrases from Vibrio cholerae (VchCAs) play a significant role in bacterial pathophysiological processes. Therefore, their inhibition leads to a reduction of gene expression virulence and bacterial growth impairment. Herein, we report the first ligand-based pharmacophore model as a computational tool to study selective inhibitors of the β-class of VchCA. By a virtual screening on a collection of sulfonamides, we retrieved 9 compounds that were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory effects against VchCAβ as well as α- and γ-classes of VchCAs and selectivity over human ubiquitous isoforms hCA I and II. Notably, all tested compounds were active inhibitors of VchCAs. The N-(4-sulfamoylbenzyl)-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-carboxamide (20e) stood out as the most exciting inhibitor toward the β-class (Ki= 95.6 nM), also showing a low affinity against the tested human isoforms. By applying docking procedures, we described the binding mode of the inhibitor 20e within the catalytic cavity of the modeled open conformation of VchCAβ.

In Silico-Guided Identification of New Potent Inhibitors of Carbonic Anhydrases Expressed in Vibrio cholerae / Mancuso F.; De Luca L.; Angeli A.; Berrino E.; Del Prete S.; Capasso C.; Supuran C.T.; Gitto R.. - In: ACS MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS. - ISSN 1948-5875. - ELETTRONICO. - 11:(2020), pp. 2294-2299. [10.1021/acsmedchemlett.0c00417]

In Silico-Guided Identification of New Potent Inhibitors of Carbonic Anhydrases Expressed in Vibrio cholerae

Angeli A.;Berrino E.;Del Prete S.;Supuran C. T.;
2020

Abstract

Carbonic anhydrases from Vibrio cholerae (VchCAs) play a significant role in bacterial pathophysiological processes. Therefore, their inhibition leads to a reduction of gene expression virulence and bacterial growth impairment. Herein, we report the first ligand-based pharmacophore model as a computational tool to study selective inhibitors of the β-class of VchCA. By a virtual screening on a collection of sulfonamides, we retrieved 9 compounds that were synthesized and evaluated for their inhibitory effects against VchCAβ as well as α- and γ-classes of VchCAs and selectivity over human ubiquitous isoforms hCA I and II. Notably, all tested compounds were active inhibitors of VchCAs. The N-(4-sulfamoylbenzyl)-[1,1′-biphenyl]-4-carboxamide (20e) stood out as the most exciting inhibitor toward the β-class (Ki= 95.6 nM), also showing a low affinity against the tested human isoforms. By applying docking procedures, we described the binding mode of the inhibitor 20e within the catalytic cavity of the modeled open conformation of VchCAβ.
2020
11
2294
2299
Mancuso F.; De Luca L.; Angeli A.; Berrino E.; Del Prete S.; Capasso C.; Supuran C.T.; Gitto R.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1305641
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