A novel series of 2-thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide hybrids were designed as carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors. The design approach relies on molecular hybridization between the benzenesulfonamide scaffold as a Zn2+ binding group and 2-substituted thioquinazolines as a tail. Assaying the thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide conjugates against four different CA isoforms revealed that compounds 12f and 12p are the most potent derivatives. They exhibit K-i = 0.09 and 0.05 mu M on CA II, 0.32 and 0.47 mu M on CA IX, and 0.58 and 0.46 mu M on CA XII, respectively. In addition, 12p demonstrated high selectivity for CA II over CA I with selectivity index (SI) = 92, and slightly higher specificity for CA II over CA IX and CA XII with SI = 9.40 and 9.20, respectively. The synthesized compounds were screened for their cytotoxic activity at 10 mu M concentration and derivatives 12o, 12n, and 12f turned out to be the most potent ones from the synthesized series; they exhibit mean growth inhibition % values of 89.38%, 58.75%, and 54.71%, respectively, while 12p demonstrated moderate activity against the NCI cancer cell lines, with mean growth inhibition % = 29.62%. The analysis of the MCF-7 cell cycle after treatment with 5.0 mu M of 12f displayed that it arrests the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Molecular docking simulation of the thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide hybrids in the CA II active site rationalized the potent activity to the settlement of the sulfonamide moiety at the depth of the CA II active site and its stabilization by performing the important interactions with the Zn2+ ion as well as with the key amino acids Thr199 and/or Thr200, while the thioquinazoline moiety with different (un)substituted phenyl tails is stabilized by the formation of various hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions with the surrounding amino acids in the binding site.

Novel 2-substituted thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide derivatives as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors with potential anticancer activity / Abdel-Mohsen, Heba T; Omar, Mohamed A; Petreni, Andrea; Supuran, Claudiu T. - In: ARCHIV DER PHARMAZIE. - ISSN 0365-6233. - ELETTRONICO. - 355:(2022), pp. 0-0. [10.1002/ardp.202200180]

Novel 2-substituted thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide derivatives as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors with potential anticancer activity

Petreni, Andrea;Supuran, Claudiu T
2022

Abstract

A novel series of 2-thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide hybrids were designed as carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors. The design approach relies on molecular hybridization between the benzenesulfonamide scaffold as a Zn2+ binding group and 2-substituted thioquinazolines as a tail. Assaying the thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide conjugates against four different CA isoforms revealed that compounds 12f and 12p are the most potent derivatives. They exhibit K-i = 0.09 and 0.05 mu M on CA II, 0.32 and 0.47 mu M on CA IX, and 0.58 and 0.46 mu M on CA XII, respectively. In addition, 12p demonstrated high selectivity for CA II over CA I with selectivity index (SI) = 92, and slightly higher specificity for CA II over CA IX and CA XII with SI = 9.40 and 9.20, respectively. The synthesized compounds were screened for their cytotoxic activity at 10 mu M concentration and derivatives 12o, 12n, and 12f turned out to be the most potent ones from the synthesized series; they exhibit mean growth inhibition % values of 89.38%, 58.75%, and 54.71%, respectively, while 12p demonstrated moderate activity against the NCI cancer cell lines, with mean growth inhibition % = 29.62%. The analysis of the MCF-7 cell cycle after treatment with 5.0 mu M of 12f displayed that it arrests the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. Molecular docking simulation of the thioquinazoline-benzenesulfonamide hybrids in the CA II active site rationalized the potent activity to the settlement of the sulfonamide moiety at the depth of the CA II active site and its stabilization by performing the important interactions with the Zn2+ ion as well as with the key amino acids Thr199 and/or Thr200, while the thioquinazoline moiety with different (un)substituted phenyl tails is stabilized by the formation of various hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions with the surrounding amino acids in the binding site.
2022
355
0
0
Abdel-Mohsen, Heba T; Omar, Mohamed A; Petreni, Andrea; Supuran, Claudiu T
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1306102
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