Titin is a molecular spring in parallel with myosin motors in each muscle half-sarcomere, responsible for passive force development at sarcomere length (SL) above the physiological range (>2.7 μm). The role of titin at physiological SL is unclear and is investigated here in single intact muscle cells of the frog (Rana esculenta), by combining half-sarcomere mechanics and synchrotron X-ray diffraction in the presence of 20 μM para-nitro-blebbistatin, which abolishes the activity of myosin motors and maintains them in the resting state even during activation of the cell by electrical stimulation. We show that, during cell activation at physiological SL, titin in the I-band switches from an SL-dependent extensible spring (OFF-state) to an SL-independent rectifier (ON-state) that allows free shortening while resisting stretch with an effective stiffness of ~3 pN nm-1 per half-thick filament. In this way, I-band titin efficiently transmits any load increase to the myosin filament in the A-band. Small-angle X-ray diffraction signals reveal that, with I-band titin ON, the periodic interactions of A-band titin with myosin motors alter their resting disposition in a load-dependent manner, biasing the azimuthal orientation of the motors toward actin. This work sets the stage for future investigations on scaffold and mechanosensing-based signaling functions of titin in health and disease.

Titin activates myosin filaments in skeletal muscle by switching from an extensible spring to a mechanical rectifier / Squarci, Caterina; Bianco, Pasquale; Reconditi, Massimo; Pertici, Irene; Caremani, Marco; Narayanan, Theyencheri; Horváth, Ádám I; Málnási-Csizmadia, András; Linari, Marco; Lombardi, Vincenzo; Piazzesi, Gabriella. - In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. - ISSN 1091-6490. - ELETTRONICO. - 120:(2023), pp. 0-0. [10.1073/pnas.2219346120]

Titin activates myosin filaments in skeletal muscle by switching from an extensible spring to a mechanical rectifier

Squarci, Caterina;Bianco, Pasquale;Reconditi, Massimo;Pertici, Irene;Caremani, Marco;Linari, Marco;Lombardi, Vincenzo
;
Piazzesi, Gabriella
2023

Abstract

Titin is a molecular spring in parallel with myosin motors in each muscle half-sarcomere, responsible for passive force development at sarcomere length (SL) above the physiological range (>2.7 μm). The role of titin at physiological SL is unclear and is investigated here in single intact muscle cells of the frog (Rana esculenta), by combining half-sarcomere mechanics and synchrotron X-ray diffraction in the presence of 20 μM para-nitro-blebbistatin, which abolishes the activity of myosin motors and maintains them in the resting state even during activation of the cell by electrical stimulation. We show that, during cell activation at physiological SL, titin in the I-band switches from an SL-dependent extensible spring (OFF-state) to an SL-independent rectifier (ON-state) that allows free shortening while resisting stretch with an effective stiffness of ~3 pN nm-1 per half-thick filament. In this way, I-band titin efficiently transmits any load increase to the myosin filament in the A-band. Small-angle X-ray diffraction signals reveal that, with I-band titin ON, the periodic interactions of A-band titin with myosin motors alter their resting disposition in a load-dependent manner, biasing the azimuthal orientation of the motors toward actin. This work sets the stage for future investigations on scaffold and mechanosensing-based signaling functions of titin in health and disease.
2023
120
0
0
Squarci, Caterina; Bianco, Pasquale; Reconditi, Massimo; Pertici, Irene; Caremani, Marco; Narayanan, Theyencheri; Horváth, Ádám I; Málnási-Csizmadia, András; Linari, Marco; Lombardi, Vincenzo; Piazzesi, Gabriella
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1306171
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