A library of iodoquinazolinones endowed with benzenesulfonamide moiety was designed and synthesized as human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) inhibitors. Compounds 4-17 showed generally poor activity against the cytosolic hCA I and hCA II isoforms. Contrarily they were more potent and showed a variable spectrum of selectivity against the tumor-specific isoforms hCA IX and hCA XII. The 4-iodophenyl derivative 12 and the 4-pyridinyl derivative 15 were the most active and selective in this series against hCA IX and hCA XII isoforms with K-I of 18 and 9 nM, respectively. Compounds 12 and 15 were further screened for their cytotoxicity against MCF-7, HepG-2 and HCT-116 cancer cell lines besides WI38 and MCF-10A normal cell lines to determine their selectivity towards cancer cells. Compound 12 was selective towards HepG-2 and HCT-116 cell lines but less selective towards MCF-7. While compound 15 showed higher selectivity towards HepG-2 than HCT-116 and MCF-7 cell lines. The ability of compounds 12 and 15 to sensitize the cells against gamma irradiation's effect proved their potential radiosensitizing activity. Molecular docking analysis was carried out to discover the possible binding mode of the compounds within the active site of isoform hCA IX and XII. Compounds 12 and 15 revealed the probable fundamental interactions explaining the good activity and selectivity towards the tumor-specific isoforms.

Biological evaluation, radiosensitizing activity and structural insights of novel halogenated quinazoline-sulfonamide conjugates as selective human carbonic anhydrases IX/XII inhibitors / Ghorab, Mostafa M; Soliman, Aiten M; Bua, Silvia; Supuran, Claudiu T. - In: BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0045-2068. - ELETTRONICO. - 107:(2021), pp. 0-0. [10.1016/j.bioorg.2020.104618]

Biological evaluation, radiosensitizing activity and structural insights of novel halogenated quinazoline-sulfonamide conjugates as selective human carbonic anhydrases IX/XII inhibitors

Bua, Silvia;Supuran, Claudiu T
2021

Abstract

A library of iodoquinazolinones endowed with benzenesulfonamide moiety was designed and synthesized as human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) inhibitors. Compounds 4-17 showed generally poor activity against the cytosolic hCA I and hCA II isoforms. Contrarily they were more potent and showed a variable spectrum of selectivity against the tumor-specific isoforms hCA IX and hCA XII. The 4-iodophenyl derivative 12 and the 4-pyridinyl derivative 15 were the most active and selective in this series against hCA IX and hCA XII isoforms with K-I of 18 and 9 nM, respectively. Compounds 12 and 15 were further screened for their cytotoxicity against MCF-7, HepG-2 and HCT-116 cancer cell lines besides WI38 and MCF-10A normal cell lines to determine their selectivity towards cancer cells. Compound 12 was selective towards HepG-2 and HCT-116 cell lines but less selective towards MCF-7. While compound 15 showed higher selectivity towards HepG-2 than HCT-116 and MCF-7 cell lines. The ability of compounds 12 and 15 to sensitize the cells against gamma irradiation's effect proved their potential radiosensitizing activity. Molecular docking analysis was carried out to discover the possible binding mode of the compounds within the active site of isoform hCA IX and XII. Compounds 12 and 15 revealed the probable fundamental interactions explaining the good activity and selectivity towards the tumor-specific isoforms.
2021
107
0
0
Ghorab, Mostafa M; Soliman, Aiten M; Bua, Silvia; Supuran, Claudiu T
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1307529
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