Anisakids are nematodes responsible for different clinical patterns in humans. The well-known human-infecting Anisakis species include members of the Anisakis simplex (AS) complex. Humans usually contract anisakiasis through ingestion of raw or undercooked seafood con-taining Anisakis larvae. Once Anisakis has been ingested, patients may develop disease driven directly by Anisakis larvae and/or by allergic reaction due to this nematode. The capability of inducing allergic reactions depends on the expression of specific antigens by nematodes and host factors. This study aims to resume actual knowledge about AS and Anisakiasis with regard to epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Particular attention is paid to Anisakis allergens and their cross-reactivity on available diagnos-tic methods, and defining a diagnostic pathway for Anisakis allergy. Because only a few data are available in the literature about pediatric population, we focus on this group of patients specifically. (c) 2023 Codon Publications. Published by Codon Publications.

IgE-mediated Anisakis allergy in children / Pontone M.; Giovannini M.; Barni S.; Mori F.; Venturini E.; Galli L.; Valleriani C.; De las Vecillas L.; Sackesen C.; Lopata A.L.; Buyuktiryaki B.. - In: ALLERGOLOGIA ET IMMUNOPATHOLOGIA. - ISSN 0301-0546. - ELETTRONICO. - 51:(2023), pp. 98-109. [10.15586/aei.v51i1.692]

IgE-mediated Anisakis allergy in children

Pontone M.;Giovannini M.
;
Barni S.;Mori F.;Venturini E.;Galli L.;Valleriani C.;
2023

Abstract

Anisakids are nematodes responsible for different clinical patterns in humans. The well-known human-infecting Anisakis species include members of the Anisakis simplex (AS) complex. Humans usually contract anisakiasis through ingestion of raw or undercooked seafood con-taining Anisakis larvae. Once Anisakis has been ingested, patients may develop disease driven directly by Anisakis larvae and/or by allergic reaction due to this nematode. The capability of inducing allergic reactions depends on the expression of specific antigens by nematodes and host factors. This study aims to resume actual knowledge about AS and Anisakiasis with regard to epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. Particular attention is paid to Anisakis allergens and their cross-reactivity on available diagnos-tic methods, and defining a diagnostic pathway for Anisakis allergy. Because only a few data are available in the literature about pediatric population, we focus on this group of patients specifically. (c) 2023 Codon Publications. Published by Codon Publications.
2023
51
98
109
Pontone M.; Giovannini M.; Barni S.; Mori F.; Venturini E.; Galli L.; Valleriani C.; De las Vecillas L.; Sackesen C.; Lopata A.L.; Buyuktiryaki B.
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Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1308172
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