Mammalian carbonic anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.1.1) of which 16 isoforms are known, are involved in important physiological functions. Their inhibition is exploited pharmacologically for the treatment of many diseases (glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, etc.) but the activators were less investigated till recently. A review on the CA activation is presented, with the activation mechanism, drug design approaches of activators and comparison of the various isoforms activation profiles being discussed. Some CAs, which are abundant in the brain, were recently demonstrated to be activatable by drug-like compounds, affording the possibility to design agents that enhance cognition, with potential therapeutic applications in aging and neurodegenerative diseases as well as tissue engineering.

Carbonic anhydrase activators / Supuran, Claudiu T. - In: FUTURE MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1756-8919. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:(2018), pp. 0-0. [10.4155/fmc-2017-0223]

Carbonic anhydrase activators

Supuran, Claudiu T
2018

Abstract

Mammalian carbonic anhydrases (CAs; EC 4.2.1.1) of which 16 isoforms are known, are involved in important physiological functions. Their inhibition is exploited pharmacologically for the treatment of many diseases (glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, etc.) but the activators were less investigated till recently. A review on the CA activation is presented, with the activation mechanism, drug design approaches of activators and comparison of the various isoforms activation profiles being discussed. Some CAs, which are abundant in the brain, were recently demonstrated to be activatable by drug-like compounds, affording the possibility to design agents that enhance cognition, with potential therapeutic applications in aging and neurodegenerative diseases as well as tissue engineering.
2018
10
0
0
Supuran, Claudiu T
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in FLORE sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificatore per citare o creare un link a questa risorsa: https://hdl.handle.net/2158/1308266
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 114
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 102
social impact